Outcomes of Septal Perforation Repair With Concurrent Endoscopic Sinus Surgery

Yassmeen Abdel-Aty, Rachel B. Cain, Cullen Taylor, Michael J. Marino, Devyani Lal, Stephen F. Bansberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: This study reviews a cohort of patients in whom septal perforation repair was performed concurrently with endoscopic sinus surgery. We present an endonasal perforation repair technique using bilateral mucosal flaps with an autogenous interposition graft. Intraoperative and postoperative management of the combined surgical patient is discussed and perforation closure outcomes are reported. Study Design: Case series. Setting: Tertiary care center. Methods: In this institutional review board–approved retrospective chart review, adult patients who underwent concurrent bilateral mucosal flap septal perforation repair and endoscopic sinus surgery from March 1992 to March 2020 were identified. Data on demographics, clinical presentations, perforation size, surgical techniques, and outcomes were extracted and analyzed for patients with a minimum of 3 months of follow-up. Results: Fifty-six patients met study inclusion criteria. Nasal obstruction/congestion was the most frequent symptom reported (80.4%), followed by crusting and epistaxis. Mean perforation size measured at the time of surgery was 14.7 (range, 3-41) mm in length by 9.3 (range, 2-23) mm in height. Temporalis fascia was the most frequent (57.9%) interposition graft material used. Complete perforation closure at the time of the last follow-up was noted in 51 (91.1%) patients. Only 1 failure was noted in the last 48 attempted repairs. Conclusion: Patients with a perforated septum may have coexistent chronic sinusitis. The feasibility of attempting concurrent sinus surgery and perforation repair has been questioned. Our review demonstrates a high perforation closure rate when a bilateral mucosal flap procedure is performed after sinus surgery is performed at the same setting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalOtolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (United States)
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • FESS
  • bipedicled flap
  • chronic rhinosinusitis
  • endonasal approach
  • interposition graft
  • mucosal flap
  • septal perforation
  • sinus surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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