Aims Septic arthritis of the hip often leads to irreversible osteoarthritis (OA) and the requirement for total hip arthroplasty (THA). The aim of this study was to report the mid-term risk of any infection, periprosthetic joint infection (PJI), aseptic revision, and reoperation in patients with a past history of septic arthritis who underwent THA, compared with a control group of patients who underwent THA for OA. Methods We retrospectively identified 256 THAs in 244 patients following septic arthritis of the native hip, which were undertaken between 1969 and 2016 at a single institution. Each case was matched 1:1, based on age, sex, BMI, and year of surgery, to a primary THA performed for OA. The mean age and BMI were 58 years (35 to 84) and 31 kg/m2 (18 to 48), respectively, and 100 (39%) were female. The mean follow-up was 11 years (2 to 39). Results The ten-year survival free of any infection was 91% and 99% in the septic arthritis and OA groups, respectively (hazard ratio (HR) = 13; p < 0.001). The survival free of PJI at ten years was 93% and 99% in the septic arthritis and OA groups, respectively (HR = 10; p = 0.002). There was a significantly higher rate of any infection at ten years when THA was undertaken within five years of the diagnosis of septic arthritis compared with those in whom THA was undertaken > five years after this diagnosis was made (14% vs 5%, respectively; HR = 3.1; p = 0.009), but there was no significant difference in ten-year survival free of aseptic revision (HR = 1.14; p = 0.485). The mean Harris Hip Scores at two and five years postoperatively were significantly lower in the septic arthritis group compared with the OA group (p = 0.001 for both). Conclusion There was a ten-fold increased risk of PJI in patients with a history of septic arthritis who underwent THA compared with those who underwent THA for OA with a ten-year cumulative incidence of 7%. The risk of any infection had a str ong downward trend as the time interval between the diagnosis of septic arthritis and THA increased, highlighted by a 3.1-fold higher risk when THAs were performed within five years of t he diagnosis being made.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Bone and Joint Journal|
|State||Published - Feb 2022|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine