Percutaneous epicardial access (EpiAcc) is used in an attempt to improve outcomes of ablation. We aim to report our experience in EpiAcc for management of symptomatic ventricular premature complexes (VPC) and ventricular tachycardia (VT). All patients from January 2004 to July 2014 who underwent EpiAcc as part of a VPC or VT ablation procedure were included. Outcomes between those with endocardial-only (Gp1) and endocardial/epicardial (Gp2) ablation and those for VPC and VT ablation were compared. EpiAcc for VPC or VT ablation was attempted in 173 patients; 10 patients were excluded because of failure of access (n = 7) or no ablation performed (n = 3). Of the remaining 163, 131 patients (80.4%) had undergone previous endocardial ablation. Mean age was 53.7 ± 15.7 years; 115 (71%) were men. VT ablation was the indication in 105 patients (64%). The underlying substrate was predominately nonischemic cardiomyopathy (49.1%). Epicardial ablation was performed in 115 (70.6%). Procedural and clinical success was obtained in 92.0% and 69.9% of patients, respectively, with no difference between Gp1 and Gp2. Those who underwent VPC ablation had superior clinical outcomes at 1-year follow-up. EpiAcc is feasible in almost all patients with no previous cardiac surgery and permits acute procedural success in >90% of patients, most of whom had failed previous ablation. However, epicardial ablation was not delivered in 1/3 of patients. Epicardial mapping may be helpful as in the absence of an appropriate epicardial site for ablation, and focus can be shifted to more detailed endocardial mapping and ablation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine