Outcomes of Autologous Stem Cell Transplant Consolidation in Primary Central Nervous System Lymphoma: A Mayo Clinic Experience

Arushi Khurana, Ivana N. Micallef, Betsy R. LaPlant, Brian Patrick O'Neill, Thomas M. Habermann, Stephen M. Ansell, David J. Inwards, Luis F. Porrata, Jonas Paludo, J. C.Villasboas Bisneto, Patrick B. Johnston

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

A paucity of randomized phase III clinical trials in primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) has resulted in no uniform consensus on the optimal strategy for consolidation and conditioning regimens for autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT). The past 2 decades have witnessed a preference for thiotepa (TT)-based conditioning regimens due to superior central nervous system penetration. We retrospectively evaluated outcomes of patients with PCNSL who underwent ASCT at Mayo Clinic, Rochester over the past 2 decades, and the impact of TT-based conditioning regimens. Fifty-six patients underwent transplant for PCNSL, with 25 and 31 patients receiving BEAM (non-thiotepa) and carmustine (BCNU)/TT-based conditioning, respectively. All patients received high-dose methotrexate-based induction therapy. While the BCNU/TT group had higher risk disease features such as high International Extranodal Lymphoma Study Group prognostic score, elevated cerebrospinal fluid protein, and older patient population, there was no significant difference at 2 years post-transplant in progression-free survival (BEAM 68.0% [46.1% to 82.5%] versus BCNU/TT, 65.5% [45.2% to 79.8%], P =. 99) or overall survival (OS) (84.0% [62.8% to 93.7%] in the BEAM group versus 81.6% [61.3% to 91.9%] in the BCNU/TT group, P =. 95). Disease response status before transplant significantly affected the outcomes as those in complete remission had an OS at 2 years post-transplant of 94.7% (68.1% to 99.2%) in the BEAM group and 90.5% (67.0% to 97.5%) in the BCNU/TT group compared with those in partial response, 57.1% (17.2% to 83.7%) in BCNU/TT group and 50.0% (11.1% to 80.4%) in the BEAM group, respectively (P < .0001). Our retrospective cohort adds to the currently available literature and identifies the disease status before transplant as a significant factor affecting survival.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2217-2222
Number of pages6
JournalBiology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Volume26
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • Autologous transplant
  • BEAM
  • Primary CNS lymphoma
  • Stem cell rescue
  • Thiotepa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Transplantation

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