Outcomes of a 6-week cognitive-behavioral and mindfulness group intervention in primary care

Julia R. Craner, Craig Sawchuk, Kileen T. Smyth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Cognitive- behavioral and mindfulness-based interventions are established treatments for depressive and anxiety disorders; however, there is a lack of research for these interventions in primary care settings. The current study evaluates an evidence-based group intervention provided to primary care patients with a variety of mood and anxiety concerns. Method: Participants included 54 adult primary care patients who attended at least four sessions of a six-session cognitive- behavioral and mindfulness group. A total of nine separate groups were conducted, all of which were colocated within the primary care setting. Major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder were the most common psychiatric conditions, with approximately 56% of the sample having one or more chronic medical conditions. Self-report measures of depression (Patient Health Questionnaire-9) and anxiety (Generalized Anxiety Disorder Questionnaire-7) were completed at each session. Results: Significant improvements were noted on self-reported measures of depression and anxiety when comparing pre- and posttreatment assessment measures with large effect sizes. Discussion: A brief, principle-based cognitive- behavioral and mindfulness group intervention delivered in primary care was associated with improved symptoms across a range of patient presentations. Evidence-based group interventions in primary care settings have the benefits of increased access and cost-effectiveness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)250-259
Number of pages10
JournalFamilies, Systems and Health
Volume34
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016

Keywords

  • Cognitive- behavioral therapy
  • Group therapy
  • Mindfulness
  • Primary care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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