Background and Purpose: Laparoscopic adrenalectomy has become the preferred surgical approach to manage adrenal disorders. Bilateral adrenalectomy is performed for diseases that are unresponsive to medical management and, frequently, for neoplastic disease. The aim of this study was to review our experience with laparoscopic bilateral adrenalectomy and to evaluate its safety, efficacy, and outcomes. Patients and Methods: Between July 1996 and May 2001, five male and two female patients with a mean age of 46 years (range 15-69 years) presented for bilateral adrenalectomy (pheochromocytoma [N = 3], Cushing's disease [N = 3], and metastatic cancer [N = 1]). All procedures were performed using a lateral transperitoneal approach. One gland was excised, the patient was repositioned to the opposite lateral decubitus position, and the remaining gland was removed. Results: Laparoscopic bilateral adrenalectomy was completed in all seven patients. The mean tumor/gland size on the right was 5.0 cm (range 3.1-7.0 cm) and on the left was 5.6 cm (range 3.6-7.0 cm). The mean operative time was 308 minutes (range 190-430 minutes), and the mean estimated blood loss was 138 mL (range 30-300 mL). One patient with a pheochromocytoma experienced intraoperative hypertension necessitating treatment. There were no postoperative complications. The mean postoperative hospital stay was 5.1 days (range 3-9 days). All patients have been treated post-operatively with daily hydrocortisone and fludrocortisone replacement. After a mean follow-up of 33 months (range 2-45 months), six patients are alive. The patient undergoing bilateral adrenalectomy for metastatic lung cancer died from recurrent disease 13 months after resection. Conclusion: Laparoscopic bilateral adrenalectomy is safe and effective. Patients are discharged postoperatively in a relatively short time with few complications. Appropriate steroid replacement and close follow-up allows these patients to return to self-reliance.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Laparoendoscopic and Advanced Surgical Techniques - Part A|
|State||Published - Aug 2002|
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