Background: The role of inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) reimplantation during open aortic reconstruction is debated. We assessed outcomes after inferior mesenteric artery reimplantation (IMAR) for aortic aneurysmal disease to help shed light on this question. Methods: A single-center retrospective review of all IMARs performed during open aortic surgery over a 10-year period between 2000 and 2009 was carried out. The primary outcome was patency, while secondary outcomes included colonic ischemia and overall survival. Analysis was performed using Cox models and Kaplan-Meier estimates. Results: Of 840 patients who underwent elective abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) reconstructions during this period, 70 underwent IMAR. Indications for IMAR included intraoperative colonic ischemia (n = 24), poor back bleeding (n = 52), large IMA (n = 5), internal iliac disease (n = 5), and prior colon surgery (n = 1). Follow-up imaging studies were available in 35 of 70 patients (computed tomography in 30 [86%] and duplex in 5 [14%]). Patency was confirmed in 32 of 35 patients (91%) over a median follow-up of 98 months. Both losses in patency were at 4 months and did not require an operation. One patient underwent left colon resection on postoperative day 9 because of ischemia. (Patency could not be confirmed.) No statistically significant predictor of patency was noted. Incidence of colonic ischemia was 1.4% in patients undergoing IMAR. The overall mortality was 51% in patients undergoing IMAR over the median follow-up period. The overall 10-year survival was 30% in patients undergoing IMAR for aortic aneurysmal disease. The nature of aneurysm (juxtarenal or higher juxta renal abdominal aortic aneurysm [JRAAA]) was associated with mortality, with a hazard ratio of 1.8 (P = 0.08) approaching significance. Ten-year survival was worse if IMAR was performed for intraoperative colonic ischemia (26% vs 34%) or in JRAAA (19.0% vs 38%; P = 0.03). Age per year at the time of repair was the only statistically significant predictor of survival (P < 0.001). Conclusion: IMAR for AAA remains necessary for select patients. Reimplantation is associated with excellent long-term patency and low risk of colonic ischemia.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine