Outcomes and risk factors of late failure of valve-sparing aortic root replacement

Sri Harsha Patlolla, Nishant Saran, Joseph A. Dearani, John M. Stulak, Hartzell V. Schaff, Kevin L. Greason, Richard C. Daly, Katherine S. King, Alberto B. Pochettino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Retention of the native aortic valve when performing aortic root surgery for aneurysmal disease has become a more common priority. We reviewed our experience in valve-sparing aortic root replacement (VSARR) to evaluate the long-term outcomes and the risk factors for reoperation. Methods: From January 1994 through June 2017, 342 patients (mean age 47.8 ± 15.5 years, 253 [74%] male) underwent VSARR. The most common etiologies were connective tissue disease (n = 143, 42%) followed by degenerative aortic aneurysm (n = 131, 38%). Aortic regurgitation (moderate or greater) was present in 35% (n = 119). Results: Reimplantation technique was used in 90% patients (n = 308). Valsalva graft was used in 38% patients (n = 131) and additional cusp repair was done in 15% (n = 50). Operative mortality was 1% (n = 5). The median follow-up time was 8.79 years (interquartile range, 4.08-13.51). The cumulative incidence of reoperation (while accounting for the competing risk of death) was 8.4%, 12.8%, and 17.1% at 5, 10, and 15 years, respectively. There were no differences in survival and incidence of reoperation between root reimplantation and remodeling. Larger preoperative annulus diameter was associated with greater risk of reoperation (hazard ratio, 1.10; 95% confidence interval, 1.02-1.19, P =.01). The estimated probability of developing severe aortic regurgitation after VSARR was 8% at 10 years postoperatively. Operative mortality, residual aortic regurgitation at dismissal, and survival improved in recent times with more experience. Conclusions: VSARR is a viable and safe option with good long-term outcomes and low rates of late aortic valve replacement. Dilated annulus preoperatively was associated with early repair failure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • aortic regurgitation
  • aortic valve replacement
  • repair failure
  • valve-sparing root replacement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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