Outcome of endometrial carcinoma patients with involvement of the uterine serosa

Jonathan B. Ashman, Philip P. Connell, Diane Yamada, Jacob Rotmensch, Steve E. Waggoner, Arno J. Mundt

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36 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective. The goal of this work was to evaluate the outcome of endometrial carcinoma patients undergoing primary surgery who have serosal involvement (SI). Methods. Between 1980 and 1998, 562 women underwent primary surgery for endometrial cancer at the University of Chicago. Thirty-nine were noted to have SI. FIGO stages were IIIA (19), IIIB (1), IIIC (7), and IV (12). Of the 19 IIIA patients, 15 had solitary SI. Twenty-six patients received pelvic radiation therapy (RT) with or without vaginal brachytherapy (VB). One patient received whole-abdomen radiation therapy, and 13, adjuvant chemotherapy. Solitary SI patients received pelvic RT with or without VB as their sole adjuvant therapy. Disease-free survivals (DFSs) were estimated using the method of Kaplan and Meier and prognostic factors were analyzed by the log-rank test. Results. With a median follow-up of 30.3 months, the 5-year actuarial DFS of the entire group was 28.9%. Factors correlated with disease recurrence included tumor stage (P = 0.003) and lymph node involvement (P = 0.04). In addition, patients with solitary SI had a better 5-year DFS (41.5% vs 20%, P = 0.04) than patients with SI plus other extrauterine sites. Relapse occurred in 23 women overall and in 7 of 15 solitary SI patients. The most common site of disease recurrence was distant both in the entire group and in the solitary SI patients. While abdominal recurrences were common in the entire group, they were infrequent in solitary SI patients. Conclusion. Endometrial carcinoma patients with SI have a high rate of relapse and a poor outcome. Even when patients have extrauterine disease limited to SI, the outcome is relatively unfavorable. Nonetheless, our results demonstrate the need to distinguish patients with solitary SI and those with SI plus other extrauterine disease sites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)338-343
Number of pages6
JournalGynecologic oncology
Volume82
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001

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Keywords

  • Endometrial cancer
  • Radiation therapy
  • Uterine serosa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Cite this

Ashman, J. B., Connell, P. P., Yamada, D., Rotmensch, J., Waggoner, S. E., & Mundt, A. J. (2001). Outcome of endometrial carcinoma patients with involvement of the uterine serosa. Gynecologic oncology, 82(2), 338-343. https://doi.org/10.1006/gyno.2001.6189