Otological aspects and surgical outcome in a consanguineous family with a novel ANKH gene mutation

H. G.X.M. Thomeer, E. Morava, B. M. Verbist, C. W.R.J. Cremers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To report the hearing impairment in a new autosomal recessive metabolic disorder due to a mutation in the ANKH gene and to report the outcomes of exploratory tympanotomy. Study design: Retrospective chart study. Setting: Tertiary referral center. Patients: One large consanguineous family was examined. Three patients underwent exploratory tympanotomy. Intervention: Exploratory tympanotomies in three patients. Main outcome measures: Medical and otological histories; postoperative hearing outcomes. Results: In the patients who received tympanotomies, a postoperative hearing gain of between 5 and 20. dB was noted, with a residual air-bone gap of between 6 and 35. dB (follow-up between 4 and 67 months). The sensorineural component of the hearing impairment varies greatly, between 4 and 23. dB, and this factor might also affect the final hearing outcome. Conclusions: Exploratory tympanotomy might improve the hearing outcome in patients with this syndrome and therefore surgery has a limited audiometric benefit in general. Based on anatomical findings, a congenital origin for the ossicular chain anomaly seems likely. It remains unclear whether the sensorineural component of the hearing impairment is progressive and this should be investigated further.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1152-1157
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Volume77
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2013

Keywords

  • ANKH
  • Congenital
  • Hearing impairment
  • Minor ear anomalies
  • Surgery
  • Syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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