Osteoporosis and the risk of hip fracture

L. J. Melton, H. W. Wahner, L. S. Richelson, W. M. O'Fallon, B. L. Riggs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

246 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The incidence of cervical and intertrochanteric proximal femur fractures at various levels of cervical and intertrochanteric bone mineral density, respectively, was estimated by using population-based data from ongoing studies of osteoporosis and fractures among women residing in Rochester, Minnesota, Hip fractures were uncommon among women with femoral bone density ≥ 1.0 g/cm2, but their frequency increased as bone density declined below that point at both femoral sites. The incidence of cervical femur fractures was estimated at 8.3 per 1,000 person-years among women with cervical bone density > 0.6 g/cm2, while the estimated incidence of intertrochanteric femur fractures reached 16.6 per 1,000 person-years among those with intertrochanteric bone density < 0.6 g/cm2. This new approach to the assessment of fracture risk from bone mineral density measurements indicates that osteoporosis is an important underlying cause of hip fractures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)254-261
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Epidemiology
Volume124
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1986

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Hip Fractures
Bone Density
Osteoporosis
Femur
Thigh
Incidence
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

Melton, L. J., Wahner, H. W., Richelson, L. S., O'Fallon, W. M., & Riggs, B. L. (1986). Osteoporosis and the risk of hip fracture. American Journal of Epidemiology, 124(2), 254-261.

Osteoporosis and the risk of hip fracture. / Melton, L. J.; Wahner, H. W.; Richelson, L. S.; O'Fallon, W. M.; Riggs, B. L.

In: American Journal of Epidemiology, Vol. 124, No. 2, 1986, p. 254-261.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Melton, LJ, Wahner, HW, Richelson, LS, O'Fallon, WM & Riggs, BL 1986, 'Osteoporosis and the risk of hip fracture', American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 124, no. 2, pp. 254-261.
Melton LJ, Wahner HW, Richelson LS, O'Fallon WM, Riggs BL. Osteoporosis and the risk of hip fracture. American Journal of Epidemiology. 1986;124(2):254-261.
Melton, L. J. ; Wahner, H. W. ; Richelson, L. S. ; O'Fallon, W. M. ; Riggs, B. L. / Osteoporosis and the risk of hip fracture. In: American Journal of Epidemiology. 1986 ; Vol. 124, No. 2. pp. 254-261.
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