Osteoblast function on synthetic biodegradable polymers

Susan L. Ishaug, Michael J. Yaszemski, Rena Bizios, Antonios G. Mikos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

220 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rat osteoblasts were cultured on films of biodegradable poly(L‐lactic acid) (PLLA), 75:25 poly(DL‐lactic‐co‐glycolic acid) (PLGA), 50:50 PLGA, and poly(glycolic acid) (PGA) for up to 14 days. Osteoblasts attached equally well to all the polymer substrates after 8 h in culture. By day 4 in culture, osteoblasts had exceeded confluency numbers, and their proliferation leveled off by day 7. An increase in alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity from 1.92 (±0.47) × 10−7 for day 7 to 5.75 (±0.12) × 10−7 μmol/cell per min for day 14 was reported for osteoblasts cultured on 75:25 PLGA, which was comparable to that observed for tissue culture polystyrene (TCPS) controls. The ALP activities expressed by osteoblasts cultured on PLLA, 50:50 PLGA, and PGA films did not significantly increase over time. Collagen synthesis for osteoblasts cultured on all polymer substrates was similar to that of TCPS and did not vary with time. The morphology of cultured osteoblasts was not affected by the continuous degradation of the polymer substrates. These results demonstrate that poly(α‐hydroxy esters) can provide a suitable substrate for osteoblast culture and hold promise in bone regeneration by osteoblast transplantation. © 1994 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1445-1453
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research
Volume28
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

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