Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament in vitamin D-resistant rickets: Case report and review of the literature

Gad J. Velan, Bradford L. Currier, Bart L. Clarke, Michael J. Yaszemski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Study Design. A case report of cervical myelopathy caused by ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament in a patient with vitamin D-resistant rickets is presented together with a review of literature. Objective. To report the diagnosis of ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament in a white woman with vitamin D-resistant rickets. Summary of Background Data. The association between ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament and untreated vitamin D-resistant rickets has been reported in Japan, but infrequently in white populations. In whites, ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament is closely associated with diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis. A clear association between ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament and vitamin D-resistant rickets in white populations has not yet been established. Methods. The medical record and imaging studies of a patient treated at the authors' institution for cervical myelopathy caused by ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament in the setting of treated vitamin D-resistant rickets were reviewed. A Medline search of the medical literature between 1966-1999 was performed to identify pertinent studies and similar case reports. Results. The occurrence of spinal stenosis in untreated adults with vitamin D-resistant rickets has been reported in all regions of the spine in Japanese patients. The association between ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament and untreated vitamin D-resistant rickets was first reported in Japan, where ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament is endemic. This association may be incidental, because reports on ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament in whites are not as frequent as in Japanese, reflecting the higher prevalence of this condition in Japan. Conclusion. Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament and ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament associated with deranged calcium or phosphate metabolism may be different pathologic entities sharing a common outcome. Adequate treatment of vitamin D-resistant rickets may not always prevent or reverse ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)590-593
Number of pages4
JournalSpine
Volume26
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2001

Keywords

  • Cervical myelopathy
  • OPLL
  • Vitamin D-resistant rickets

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology

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