Oritavancin polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) - Compressive strength testing and in vitro elution

Suzannah M. Schmidt-Malan, Kerryl E. Greenwood-Quaintance, Lawrence J. Berglund, Jayawant Mandrekar, Robin Patel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) is used for local antimicrobial delivery in orthopedic infection. Oritavancin is a long half-life lipoglycopeptide with broad activity against Gram-positive bacteria. Herein, we addressed if 7.5% w/w oritavancin mixed into PMMA affects PMMA strength and whether it elutes from PMMA, compared to vancomycin. Methods: Elution was assessed by placing an oritavancin- or vancomycin-loaded bead in a flow system with human plasma. Compressive strength of bland compared to oritavancin- or vancomycin-loaded PMMA was assessed after 0, 3, and 7 days of soaking in 1 ml of pooled normal human plasma at 37 °C, by testing to failure in axial compression using a servo-hydraulic testing machine. Results: Median compressive strength on days 0, 3, and 7 for bland PMMA compared to oritavancin- or vancomycin-loaded PMMA was 80.1, 79.4, and 72.4 MPa, respectively; 93.3, 86.4, and 65.3 MPa, respectively; and 97.8, 82.7, and 65.9 MPa, respectively. Oritavancin reduced PMMA compressive strength after 3 and 7 days (P = 0.0250 and 0.0039, respectively), whereas vancomycin reduced the PMMA compressive strength after 0, 3, and 7 days (P = 0.0039, 0.0039, and 0.0062, respectively) as compared to bland PMMA. Oritavancin-loaded PMMA had higher compressive strength than vancomycin-loaded PMMA on days 3 and 7 (P = 0.0039 and 0.0062, respectively). Compressive elastic moduli were 1226, 1299, and 1394 MPa for bland PMMA; 1253, 1078, and 1245 MPa for oritavancin-loaded PMMA; and 986, 879, and 779 MPa for vancomycin-loaded PMMA on days 0, 3 and 7, respectively. Oritavancin-loaded PMMA had higher compressive elastic moduli than vancomycin-loaded PMMA on days 0 and 7 (P = 0.0250 and 0.0062, respectively). Following polymerization, 1.0% and 51.9% of the initial amount of oritavancin and vancomycin were detected, respectively. C max , T max , and AUC 0-24 were 1.7 μg/ml, 2 h, and 11.4 μg/ml for oritavancin and 21.4 μg/ml, 2 h, and 163.9 μg/ml for vancomycin, respectively. Conclusions: Oritavancin-loaded PMMA had higher compressive strength than vancomycin-loaded PMMA on days 3 and 7 and higher compressive elastic moduli than vancomycin-loaded PMMA on days 0 and 7. However, proportionally less oritavancin than vancomycin eluted out of PMMA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number43
JournalJournal of orthopaedic surgery and research
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 12 2019

Keywords

  • Compressive strength
  • Elution
  • Oritavancin
  • Polymethylmethacrylate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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