Original articles dyssynchrony indices to predict response to cardiac resynchronization therapy a comprehensive prospective single-center study

Chinami Miyazaki, Margaret M. Redfield, Brian D. Powell, Grace M. Lin, Regina M. Herges, David O. Hodge, Lyle J. Olson, David L. Hayes, Raul E. Espinosa, Robert F. Rea, Charles J. Bruce, Susan M. Nelson, Fletcher A. Miller, Jae K. Oh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

67 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background-Whether mechanical dyssynchrony indices predict reverse remodeling (RR) or clinical response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) remains controversial. This prospective study evaluated whether echocardiographic dyssynchrony indices predict RR or clinical response after CRT. Methods and Results-Of 184 patients with heart failure with anticipated CRT who were prospectively enrolled, 131 with wide QRS and left ventricular ejection fraction <35% had 6-month follow-up after CRT implantation. Fourteen dyssynchrony indices (feasibility) by M-mode (94%), tissue velocity (96%), tissue Doppler strain (92%), 2D speckle strain (65% to 86%), 3D echocardiography (79%), and timing intervals (98%) were evaluated. RR (end-systolic volume reduction ≥15%) occurred in 55% and more frequently in patients without (71%) than in patients with (42%) ischemic cardiomyopathy (P=0.002). Overall, only M-mode, tissue Doppler strain, and total isovolumic time had a receiver operating characteristic area under the curve (AUC) greater than the line of no information, but none of these were strongly predictive of RR (AUC, 0.63 to 0.71). In nonischemic cardiomyopathy, no dyssynchrony index predicted RR. In ischemic cardiomyopathy, M-mode (AUC, 0.67), tissue Doppler strain (AUC, 0.79), and isovolumic time (AUC, 0.76)-derived indices predicted RR (P<0.05 for all), although the incremental value was modest. No indices predicted clinical response assessed by Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire, 6-minute walk distance, and peak oxygen consumption. Conclusions-These findings are consistent with the Predictors of Response to CRT study and do not support use of these dyssynchrony indices to guide use of CRT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)565-573
Number of pages9
JournalCirculation: Heart Failure
Volume3
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2010

Keywords

  • Echocardiography
  • Heart failure
  • Pacemaker

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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