Oral metal contact allergy: A pilot study on the cause of oral squamous cell carcinoma

Firas G. Hougeir, James A. Yiannias, Michael L. Hinni, Joseph G. Hentz, Rokea A. el-Azhary

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Intraoral metal contact allergy may result in mucositis that mimics lichen planus and the pathogenesis of squamous cell carcinoma. Methods: Clinical records of all patients examined in the departments of dermatology and otorhinolaryngology at a tertiary-care academic medical center between June 1994 and June 2000 who had a diagnosis of intraoral squamous cell carcinoma adjacent to a metal dental restoration and who were patch tested with our metal series were reviewed retrospectively. Eleven patients met the inclusion criteria. Results: Ten patients (91%) had positive patch tests to metals. In eight (73%), the oral cancer was adjacent to a dental restoration containing a metal to which the patient was allergic. Prevalence of gold, mercury, silver, and copper allergy among these patients was substantially higher than that reported in the available worldwide patch-test clinic population. Conclusion: Contact allergy to metal dental restorations may be a risk factor for development of intraoral squamous cell carcinoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)265-271
Number of pages7
JournalInternational journal of dermatology
Volume45
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

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