Oral manifestations of nutritional disorders

Stanislav N. Tolkachjov, Alison Bruce

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nutritional deficiencies occur when body metabolic requirements are not matched by intake and absorption. Reasons for this discrepancy are numerous, but often social, economic, medical, and even psychiatric factors may play a role. Vitamins and minerals are required for appropriate rapid cell turnover of the oral mucosa. The oral cavity is a unique anatomic environment that may manifest early signs of nutritional disorders as well as other indicators of systemic disease. Knowledge of these oral manifestations and associated findings will allow a practitioner to consider a nutritional disorder when evaluating oral changes and, in turn, initiate appropriate therapy. A systematic approach to examination of the mouth and perioral skin is suggested. A detailed medical and social history complements the physical examination in identifying patients at risk for nutritional disorders and heightening the clinical suspicion to warrant additional nutritional screening. The rising prevalence of anorexia and bulimia, as well as fad diets, add to the population of patients at risk for vitamin and mineral deficiencies that a clinician must now consider.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)441-452
Number of pages12
JournalClinics in Dermatology
Volume35
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2017

Fingerprint

Nutrition Disorders
Oral Manifestations
Minerals
Diet Fads
Mouth
Medical Economics
Avitaminosis
Bulimia
Mouth Mucosa
Anorexia
Vitamins
Malnutrition
Physical Examination
Psychiatry
History
Skin
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

Cite this

Oral manifestations of nutritional disorders. / Tolkachjov, Stanislav N.; Bruce, Alison.

In: Clinics in Dermatology, Vol. 35, No. 5, 01.09.2017, p. 441-452.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tolkachjov, Stanislav N. ; Bruce, Alison. / Oral manifestations of nutritional disorders. In: Clinics in Dermatology. 2017 ; Vol. 35, No. 5. pp. 441-452.
@article{b3a7df9f93bc48a59f56e660ac57bbc8,
title = "Oral manifestations of nutritional disorders",
abstract = "Nutritional deficiencies occur when body metabolic requirements are not matched by intake and absorption. Reasons for this discrepancy are numerous, but often social, economic, medical, and even psychiatric factors may play a role. Vitamins and minerals are required for appropriate rapid cell turnover of the oral mucosa. The oral cavity is a unique anatomic environment that may manifest early signs of nutritional disorders as well as other indicators of systemic disease. Knowledge of these oral manifestations and associated findings will allow a practitioner to consider a nutritional disorder when evaluating oral changes and, in turn, initiate appropriate therapy. A systematic approach to examination of the mouth and perioral skin is suggested. A detailed medical and social history complements the physical examination in identifying patients at risk for nutritional disorders and heightening the clinical suspicion to warrant additional nutritional screening. The rising prevalence of anorexia and bulimia, as well as fad diets, add to the population of patients at risk for vitamin and mineral deficiencies that a clinician must now consider.",
author = "Tolkachjov, {Stanislav N.} and Alison Bruce",
year = "2017",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.clindermatol.2017.06.009",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "35",
pages = "441--452",
journal = "Clinics in Dermatology",
issn = "0738-081X",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Oral manifestations of nutritional disorders

AU - Tolkachjov, Stanislav N.

AU - Bruce, Alison

PY - 2017/9/1

Y1 - 2017/9/1

N2 - Nutritional deficiencies occur when body metabolic requirements are not matched by intake and absorption. Reasons for this discrepancy are numerous, but often social, economic, medical, and even psychiatric factors may play a role. Vitamins and minerals are required for appropriate rapid cell turnover of the oral mucosa. The oral cavity is a unique anatomic environment that may manifest early signs of nutritional disorders as well as other indicators of systemic disease. Knowledge of these oral manifestations and associated findings will allow a practitioner to consider a nutritional disorder when evaluating oral changes and, in turn, initiate appropriate therapy. A systematic approach to examination of the mouth and perioral skin is suggested. A detailed medical and social history complements the physical examination in identifying patients at risk for nutritional disorders and heightening the clinical suspicion to warrant additional nutritional screening. The rising prevalence of anorexia and bulimia, as well as fad diets, add to the population of patients at risk for vitamin and mineral deficiencies that a clinician must now consider.

AB - Nutritional deficiencies occur when body metabolic requirements are not matched by intake and absorption. Reasons for this discrepancy are numerous, but often social, economic, medical, and even psychiatric factors may play a role. Vitamins and minerals are required for appropriate rapid cell turnover of the oral mucosa. The oral cavity is a unique anatomic environment that may manifest early signs of nutritional disorders as well as other indicators of systemic disease. Knowledge of these oral manifestations and associated findings will allow a practitioner to consider a nutritional disorder when evaluating oral changes and, in turn, initiate appropriate therapy. A systematic approach to examination of the mouth and perioral skin is suggested. A detailed medical and social history complements the physical examination in identifying patients at risk for nutritional disorders and heightening the clinical suspicion to warrant additional nutritional screening. The rising prevalence of anorexia and bulimia, as well as fad diets, add to the population of patients at risk for vitamin and mineral deficiencies that a clinician must now consider.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85031112337&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85031112337&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.clindermatol.2017.06.009

DO - 10.1016/j.clindermatol.2017.06.009

M3 - Article

VL - 35

SP - 441

EP - 452

JO - Clinics in Dermatology

JF - Clinics in Dermatology

SN - 0738-081X

IS - 5

ER -