Human type II collagen (HuCII) may be one of the autoantigens involved in human rheumatoid arthritis (RA). By using overlapping peptides, we have previously described an immunodominant region (HuCII.250-270) on HuCII. In the present study, this 21-mer HuCII.250-270 peptide was used as tolerogen, and its effect on both early and effector phase of collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) was examined. Upon immunization with HuCII-derived peptide 250-270, HuCII.250-270-tolerized mice showed diminished T cell proliferation that was mediated by Th1 cytokine, IL-2. More interestingly, oral tolerance with Hu- CII.250-270 peptide also abolished anti-human and anti-mouse (autoantibody) CII Ab. Ab isotype data also showed that oral administration of HuCII.250- 270 peptide diminishes primarily a Th1 type of immune response. Arthritis severity was reduced markedly in mice orally tolerized with HuCII.250-270 peptide both at early and effector phases. Suppression of CIA at the effector phase by oral administration of HuCII peptide suggests a potential immunotherapeutic use of collagen II peptide in the treatment of human RA.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy