Open radical retropubic prostatectomy using high anterior release of the levator fascia and constant haptic feedback in bilateral neurovascular bundle preservation plus early postoperative phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibition: A contemporary series

J. Mikel Hubanks, Eric C. Umbreit, R. Jeffrey Karnes, Robert P. Myers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Patients with newly diagnosed localized prostate cancer who choose surgery want cure and decent quality of life, namely, pad-free urinary control and, often, erectile function satisfactory for sexual intercourse. Objective: Determine in a prospective study the positive surgical margin rate and functional outcomes for a consecutive series of patients undergoing open radical retropubic prostatectomy (ORRP) with bilateral neurovascular bundle preservation (BNVBP) performed by one experienced surgeon. Design, setting, and participants: Of 197 consecutive patients undergoing BNVBP during 2008, 123 were evaluable, allowing both immediate postoperative phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibition (PDE5i) and a third-party questionnaire with validated urinary and erectile function domains provided preoperatively and at 3, 6, and 12 mo postoperatively. Intervention: Two interventions were used: (1) ORRP with ×4.3 optical loupes and constant digital tactile monitoring during BNVBP preceded by high anterior release (HAR) of levator fascia and neurovascular bundles and (2) early postoperative PDE5i. Measurements: Age; biopsy Gleason score; clinical stage; preoperative prostate-specific antigen level; pathologic grade; stage; margin status; University of California, Los Angeles Prostate Cancer Index domain for urinary pad use and bother; and International Index of Erectile Function-5 (IIEF-5) were used. Results and limitations: Surgical margins were positive in 1 of the 123 evaluable patients (1%). At 1 yr, 95% of patients were pad-free. Satisfactory erectile function was achieved by 109 patients (89%): 82 (67%) scored an IIEF-5 of 22-25, and 27 (22%) scored <22-25 with ≥4 on either satisfaction or confidence questions or achieved "full" erection within the first year. Mean hospital stay was 1.3 d. Limitations were (1) observational, noncomparative, single-surgeon series and (2) in third-party methodology, failure to capture patient answers for all questionnaire intervals with resultant inability to address durability of functional results for all patients. Conclusions: ORRP using ×4.3 optical loupe magnification, constant haptic feedback in BNVBP with HAR, and immediate postoperative PDE5i yielded satisfactory outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)878-884
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean urology
Volume61
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2012

Keywords

  • Erectile function
  • Prostate cancer
  • Radical prostatectomy
  • Urinary continence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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