Oncolytic measles viruses for cancer therapy

Takafumi Nakamura, Stephen J. Russell

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

New strategies using biological agents are being developed to treat cancer. Live viruses are among these new agents. Virotherapy uses replication-competent viral vectors with strong oncolytic properties. With the use of molecular virology techniques, viruses have been genetically engineered to replicate selectively in tumour cells and are under preclinical and clinical investigation at present. Measles virus (MV) is being used for this purpose. Replication-competent attenuated Edmonston B measles vaccine strain (MV-Edm) is nonpathogenic and has potent antitumour activity against several human tumours. The virus is selectively oncolytic in tumour cells, eliciting extensive cell-to-cell fusion and ultimately leading to cell death. Therefore, MV-Edm is a safe and efficient means to kill tumour cells. Further improvements in existing MV vectors may increase tumour selectivity and oncolytic activity. This review discusses the discovery and development of replication-competent oncolytic MV for cancer therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1685-1692
Number of pages8
JournalExpert Opinion on Biological Therapy
Volume4
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2004

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • Oncolytic measles virus
  • Virotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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