Oncogenic osteomalacia: Localization of underlying peripheral mesenchymal tumors with use of Tc 99m sestamibi scintigraphy

Stephen F. Hodgson, Bart L. Clarke, Peter J. Tebben, Brian P. Mullan, William P. Cooney, Thomas C. Shives

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Scopus citations


Objective: To highlight a strategy for potential detection of mesenchymal tumors in oncogenic malacia, as illustrated by 3 cases. Methods: Three case reports are presented in which successful localization of the offending neoplasm was accomplished by using whole-body Tc 99m sestamibi scanning. Alternative localization techniques are also reviewed. Results: Oncogenic osteomalacia occurs infrequently and is caused by neoplasms that secrete phosphatonins, substances that interfere with proximal tubular resorption of phosphorus and can result in phosphaturia, hypophosphatemia, reduced 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D concentration, and osteomalacia. Removal of the underlying neoplasm results in complete resolution of all biochemical, pathologic, and physical manifestations of this disorder, as shown in our 3 patients. Because the neoplasms are small and can occur in any tissue compartment, they are difficult to localize, a feature that often results in therapeutic failure. Conclusion: We conclude that use of whole-body Tc 99m sestamibi scanning may be an appropriate and cost-effective initial strategy for the localization of peripheral phosphatonin-secreting tumors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35-42
Number of pages8
JournalEndocrine Practice
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

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