On-the-farm cardiovascular risk screening among migrant agricultural workers in Southeast Minnesota: A pilot prospective study

Tamim Rajjo, Khaled Mohammed, Jennifer Rho, Mohammad H Murad

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Abstract

Introduction: Accessibility to healthcare services is a major concern facing migrant agricultural workers (MAWs) in the USA. We aimed to test the feasibility of implementing cardiovascular risk screening at farm sites. Methods: This was a pilot prospective cohort study providing on-site monthly screenings of cardiovascular risk factors. We estimated the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and evaluated the success of this approach via modified validated satisfaction surveys. Results: We enrolled 38 MAWs and diagnosed 18 cases of pre-diabetes, diabetes, hypertension and hyperlipidaemia in 15 subjects (39.4%). Mean scores of workers' satisfaction were high (≥4) on a 5-point scale except 'Time spent with provider'. Over 80% of workers were likely to use this model if it was permanently available on the farm. Only 8.7% of workers were able to follow up after referral to a clinic. Conclusions: Cardiovascular risk factors are highly prevalent in MAWs. On-the-farm screening is a feasible and satisfactory model of healthcare delivery; however, other barriers continue to hinder MAWs from receiving follow-up care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere019547
JournalBMJ Open
Volume8
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2018

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Keywords

  • accessibility of health services
  • cardiovascular disease
  • diabetes mellitus
  • feasibility study
  • migrant worker

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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