Olfactory dysfunction

Andreas Puschmann, Zbigniew K Wszolek

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Olfactory dysfunction is well documented as an early nonmotor manifestation of Parkinson's disease (PD). This chapter outlines the anatomy and physiology of the olfactory system and summarizes the pathological changes in the olfactory system in PD. We review the occurrence of olfactory dysfunction in parkinsonian syndromes and familial parkinsonism. Different methods to assess olfactory function are presented. Their usefulness in routine clinical situations is limited to special diagnostic situations. However, these methods have provided important insights into the pathophysiology of parkinsonism and can help to identify at-risk groups for future neuroprotective trials. Several lines of evidence now suggest that olfactory disturbance reflects Lewy pathology more closely than it reflects striatonigral dopamine deficiency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationParkinson's Disease and Nonmotor Dysfunction
Subtitle of host publicationSecond Edition
PublisherHumana Press Inc.
Pages335-348
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9781607614296
ISBN (Print)9781607614289
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Parkinsonian Disorders
Parkinson Disease
Dopamine
Anatomy
Pathology

Keywords

  • Hyposmia
  • Olfaction
  • Olfactory nerve
  • Parkinson's disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Puschmann, A., & Wszolek, Z. K. (2013). Olfactory dysfunction. In Parkinson's Disease and Nonmotor Dysfunction: Second Edition (pp. 335-348). Humana Press Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-60761-429-6_23

Olfactory dysfunction. / Puschmann, Andreas; Wszolek, Zbigniew K.

Parkinson's Disease and Nonmotor Dysfunction: Second Edition. Humana Press Inc., 2013. p. 335-348.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Puschmann, A & Wszolek, ZK 2013, Olfactory dysfunction. in Parkinson's Disease and Nonmotor Dysfunction: Second Edition. Humana Press Inc., pp. 335-348. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-60761-429-6_23
Puschmann A, Wszolek ZK. Olfactory dysfunction. In Parkinson's Disease and Nonmotor Dysfunction: Second Edition. Humana Press Inc. 2013. p. 335-348 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-60761-429-6_23
Puschmann, Andreas ; Wszolek, Zbigniew K. / Olfactory dysfunction. Parkinson's Disease and Nonmotor Dysfunction: Second Edition. Humana Press Inc., 2013. pp. 335-348
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