Older men exhibit reduced efficacy of and heightened potency downregulation by intravenous pulses of recombinant human LH: A study in 92 healthy men

Johannes D. Veldhuis, Peter Y. Liu, Daniel M. Keenan, Paul Y. Takahashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Direct sampling of the human spermatic veins has disclosed concomitant LH and testosterone (T) pulses, suggesting pulsatile LH concentration- dependent stimulation of T secretion. However, studies to date have examined this hypothesis using only pharmacological stimulation with hCG. The present study tests the hypothesis that age is marked by decreased T secretory responses to repeated near-physiological iv pulses of recombinant human LH administered in a Clinical Translational Science Center. Participants included 92 healthy men aged 18-75 yr with BMI 18-34 kg/m 2. The contribution of endogenous LH pulses was minimized by combined injection of a selective GnRH receptor antagonist sc and successive pulses of biosynthetic LH iv. A new analytical dose response model was applied to estimate the properties of exogenous LH's drive of T secretion. Regression of LH-T dose response potency estimates on age showed that the efficacy of pulses of biosynthetic LH progressively decreased with age (P = 0.014, r = 0.26). Testis sensitivity to exogenous LH pulses also declined with age (P = 0.011, r = 0.27). Moreover, estimated Leydig cell downregulation by LH pulses rose significantly with age (P = 0.039, r = 0.22). These outcomes were selective, since the recovery potency of infused LH was not affected by age but was reduced by increasing BMI (P = 0.011, r = 0.27). Assuming stable bioactivity of infused recombinant human LH, these novel data indicate that factors associated with age and BMI attenuate LH efficacy and testis sensitivity and augment Leydig cell downregulation in healthy men.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E117-E122
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume302
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2012

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Gonadal
  • Gonadotropin
  • Luteinizing hormone
  • Male
  • Testosterone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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