Older age does not impact perioperative complications after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy

Leah Y. Nakamura, Rafael N. Nunez, Paul E. Andrews, Robert G. Ferrigni, Mitchell R Humphreys, Scott K. Swanson, Christopher E. Wolter, Erik P Castle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

To determine whether men aged 70 years and older had more perioperative complications after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) compared with younger patients, a retrospective review was performed on patients who underwent RARP between March 2004 and September 2009. Subjects were stratified according to age into four groups (age 30-49, 50-59, 60-69, and ≥70 years). American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) scores were obtained. Complication rates in the perioperative period, transfusion rates, and length of stay were compared. Complications were classified using the previously validated Clavien system. There were a total of 293 patients aged 70 years and older amongst the 1,223 total subjects. ASA comorbidity scores did vary significantly amongst the different age groups, and there was modest correlation noted between ASA and age. There was no statistically significant difference amongst complication rates in men aged 70 years and older (15%) compared with the other cohorts (P = 0.832). There was also no significant difference in transfusion rates (P = 0.170) or length of stay (P = 0.131). Patients with higher ASA scores (ASA 3-4) had more Clavien I-II complications compared with patients with ASA scores of 1-2 (15.5% versus 10.3%, P = 0.03). There was no difference in transfusion rates or length of stay between the ASA scores. There are no more complications in men aged 70 years and older compared with men <70 years of age undergoing robot-assisted radical prostatectomy. RARP is a safe treatment option to offer to the selected elderly patient.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)201-208
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Robotic Surgery
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2011

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Keywords

  • Complications
  • Elderly
  • Prostatectomy
  • Robot

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Health Informatics

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