The role of OKT3 monoclonal antibody administration was studied as a risk factor for symptomatic cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in 229 consecutive liver transplant recipients not receiving specificCMV prophylaxis. Twenty-six patients (11.4%) receivedOKT3 and 17 ofthem developed CMV infection, 11 (4.8%) being symptomatic. OKT3 use was a significant risk factor for symptomatic CMV infection by both univariate (relative risk [RR], 2.9; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.5-5.8; P =.002) and multivariate time-dependent (RR, 3.4; 95% CI, 1.7-7.1; P =.001) analyses. A subgroup analysis revealed that OKT3 use was a significant risk factor for symptomatic CMV infection in CMV-seropositive but not seronegative recipients. OKT3 therapy for steroid-resistant rejection is a risk factor for symptomatic CMV infection in liver transplant recipients who are seropositive for CMV before transplantation. This group should be targeted for antiviral prophylaxis when OKT3 antirejection therapy is used.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Infectious Diseases|
|State||Published - Apr 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy
- Infectious Diseases