Intracellular accumulation of anthracycline derivatives was measured in a human embryonic kidney cell line (HEK) and a resistant subline (HEK/multidrug resistance protein (MRP1)) overexpressing MRP1 at the plasma membrane surface. Two compounds (daunorubicin and doxorubicin) were rejected outside the multidrug-resistant cells. On the contrary, three compounds (4′-deoxy-4′-iodo-doxorubicin, 4-demethoxy-daunorubicin and 3′-(3-methoxymorpholino)doxorubicin) accumulated equally within sensitive HEK cells and resistant HEK/MRP1 cells. Our main objective here was to characterize the MRP1 conformational changes mediated by the binding of these anthracycline derivatives and to determine whether these conformational changes are related to MRP1-mediated drug transport. MRP1 was reconstituted in lipid vesicles as previously described [Manciu, L., Chang, X.B., Riordan, J.R. and Ruysschaert, J.-M. (2000) Biochemistry 39, 13026-13033]. The reconstituted protein was shown to conserve its ATPase and drug transport activity. Acrylamide quenching of Trp fluorescence was used to monitor drug-dependent conformational changes. Binding of drugs (4-demethoxy-daunorubicin and 3′-(3-methoxymorpholino)doxorubicin) which accumulate in resistant cells immobilizes MRP1 in a conformational state that is insensitive to ATP binding whereas drugs rejected outside the resistant cells (daunorubicin, doxorubicin) favor a conformational change which may be a required step in the transport process.
- Flow cytometry
- Multidrug resistance
- Multidrug resistance protein 1
- Quenching of tryptophan fluorescence
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology