High-affinity nucleoprotein acceptor sites for the avian oviduct progesterone receptor (PR) have been enriched by a combination of nuclease digestion and centrifugation. These enriched binding elements exhibited markedly enhanced PR binding on a per mass DNA basis compared to chromatin (20- to 25-fold) or dehistonized chromatin (4- to 5-fold). Electrophoretic analysis of the nuclease-resistant DNA showed that there is a set of DNA fragments of 100-150 base pairs that are protected from digestion. Excessive digestion resulted in smaller DNA fragments and a loss of PR binding activity. The PR binding was saturable using a crude receptor preparation and displayed a competition with the same receptor preparation that was labeled with nonradioactive progresterone. The enhanced binding was also demonstrable using highly purified receptor preparations that exhibit two classes of binding sites both of which are of high affinity and saturable as assessed by Scatchard analyses. These two high-affinity classes of binding sites are shown to be competed by unlabeled purified PR. The nuclease resistance of these nucleoprotein acceptor sites from chromatin is a property similar to the nuclear matrix binding sites suggesting a relationship between these two classes of nuclear acceptor sites.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - 1986|
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