Twelve patients more than 8 years of age with complex congenital heart disease were evaluated prospectively with nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) imaging and with echocardiographic and angiographic imaging techniques. The subpulmonary region, main pulmonary artery, right and left pulmonary arteries, and aorticopulmonary shunts were clearly visualized by means of NMR imaging in all patients. Angiography defined the subpulmonary region and main pulmonary artery in all patients, the right and left pulmonary arteries along their length in 11 of 12 patients, and aorticopulmonary shunts in seven of eight patients. Except for the right pulmonary artery, echocardiography defined the remaining structures in ≤50% of patients. Measurement of the pulmonary artery diameters on NMR Images correlated well with the angiographic measurements of both the left (r=0.96) and right (r=0.94) pulmonary arteries. These results suggest that NMR imaging may be the preferable noninvasive imaging technique for defining the anatomy of the subpulmonary region, main and left pulmonary arteries, and aorticopulmonary shunts in older patients with congenital cardiovascular disease and that it compares well with the angiographic standard.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine