Novel roles and mechanism for krüppel-like factor 16 (KLF16) Regulation of neurite outgrowth and Ephrin Receptor A5 (EphA5) expression in Retinal Ganglion cells

Jianbo Wang, Joana Galvao, Krista M. Beach, Weijia Luo, Raul A. Urrutia, Jeffrey L. Goldberg, Deborah C. Otteson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Regenerative medicine holds great promise for the treatment of degenerative retinal disorders. Krüppel-like factors (KLFs) are transcription factors that have recently emerged as key tools in regenerative medicine because some of them can function as epigenetic reprogrammers in stem cell biology. Here, we show that KLF16, one of the least understood members of this family, is a POU4F2 independent transcription factor in retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) as early as embryonic day 15. When overexpressed, KLF16 inhibits RGC neurite outgrowth and enhances RGC growth cone collapse in response to exogenous ephrinA5 ligands. Ephrin/EPH signaling regulates RGC connectivity. The EphA5 promoter contains multiple GC-and GT-rich KLF-binding sites, which, asshown by ChIP-assays, bind KLF16 in vivo. In electrophoretic mobility shift assays, KLF16 binds specifically to a single KLF site near the EphA5 transcription start site that is required for KLF16 transactivation. Interestingly, methylation of only six of 98 CpG dinucleotides within the EphA5 promoter blocks its transactivation by KLF16 but enables transactivation by KLF2 and KLF15. These data demonstratea role for KLF16 in regulation of RGC neurite outgrowth and as a methylation-sensitive transcriptional regulator of EphA5 expression. Together, these data identify differential low level methylation as a novel mechanism for regulating KLF16-mediated EphA5 expression across the retina. Because of the critical role of ephrin/EPH signaling in patterning RGC connectivity, understanding the role of KLFs in regulating neurite outgrowth and Eph receptor expression will be vital for successful restoration of functional vision through optic nerve regenerative therapies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)18084-18095
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume291
Issue number35
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 26 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Medicine(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Novel roles and mechanism for krüppel-like factor 16 (KLF16) Regulation of neurite outgrowth and Ephrin Receptor A5 (EphA5) expression in Retinal Ganglion cells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this