Novel relationships of age, visceral adiposity, insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I and IGF binding protein concentrations to growth hormone (GH) releasing-hormone and GH releasing-peptide efficacies in men during experimental hypogonadal clamp

Johannes D Veldhuis, Daniel M. Keenan, Joy N. Bailey, Adebordurin M. Adeniji, John M. Miles, Cyril Y. Bowers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations


Background: Sex steroids influence GH secretion in complex ways. Hypothesis: Analyses in a low sex-steroid milieu will help unveil the effects of age and other nonsteroidal regulators on GH secretion. Context: The study was conducted in a tertiary medical center. Subjects: The study group included 13 healthy young men and 12 healthy older men. Methods: We used GnRH agonist-induced down-regulation of testosterone and estradiol secretion, followed by consecutive infusion of L-arginine and GHRH or GHRP-2, to test secretagogue efficacies. Outcomes: We measured basal and pulsatile GH secretion. Results: During experimental testosterone/estradiol deprivation, older (57 = 1.7 yr) men maintained: 1) 6.8-fold less pulsatile GH secretion (P < 0.001); and 2) 2-fold lower maximalGHresponses to GHRH (P = 0.0065) and GHRP-2 (P = 0.022) than young (23 ± 1.1 yr old) individuals. Stepwise forward-selection regression analyses identified: 1) abdominal visceral fat as a dominant negative predictor of both GHRH (R2 = 0.49; P = 0.001) and GHRP-2 (R2 = 0.38; P = 0.005) efficacies; and 2) fasting IGF-I concentration as a major positive correlate of GHRH (R2 = 0.52; P < 0.001) and GHRP-2 (R2 = 0.31; P = 0.018) efficacies. Unstimulated pulsatile GH secretion was jointly correlated with IGF-I and IGFBP-3 (P = 0.039). Conclusion: Measures of body composition (abdominal visceral fat) and pulsatile GH action (IGF-I) explain up to one half of interindividual variability in the efficacies of GHRH and GHRP-2 in sex steroid-depleted men. Accordingly, normative ranges for maximal single peptide-stimulated GH secretion in short-term hypogonadal states should incorporate the influence of these determinants as well as age.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2137-2143
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2009


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Biochemistry, medical
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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