Renal artery stenosis is a major cause of renovascular hypertension in humans, and may lead to ischemic nephropathy and end-stage renal disease. The mechanisms responsible for the progressive renal functional and structural alterations have not been fully elucidated, partly because of the lack of reliable, noninvasive techniques capable of quantifying renal regional hemodynamics and function distal to a stenosis in the renal artery. Novel imaging tools now enable quantification of concurrent intrarenal (cortical and medullary) hemodynamics, segmental nephron dynamics (intratubular transit times and fluid concentrations), and renal function in the intact kidney. Fast computed tomography (CT) scanners, such as electron beam CT, allow discrimination of subtle alterations in renal perfusion and segmental nephron function consequent to changes in renal perfusion pressure, both within and below the range of renal blood flow autoregulation. This technique provides an opportunity to define intrarenal perfusion patterns and function in animals and patients with renal artery stenosis, and may provide insight into the effects of chronic unilateral or bilateral renovascular disease on both the hypoperfused and contralateral kidneys. This methodology may thereby prove to be very useful in the evaluation of renal disease in general, and the renovascular hypertensive patient in particular. (C) 2000 by W.B. Saunders Company.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Seminars in nephrology|
|State||Published - 2000|
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