Background: Coupling between the ablation catheter and myocardium is critical to resistively heat tissue with radiofrequency ablation. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether a novel local impedance (LI) measurement on an ablation catheter identifies catheter-tissue coupling and is predictive of lesion formation. Methods and Results: LI was studied in explanted hearts (n=10 swine) and in vivo (n=10; 50-70 kg swine) using an investigational electroanatomic mapping system that measures impedance from an ablation catheter with mini-electrodes incorporated in the distal electrode (Rhythmia and IntellaNav MiFi OI, Boston Scientific). Explanted tissue was placed in a warmed (37 °C) saline bath mounted on a scale, and LI was measured 15 mm away from tissue to 5 mm of catheter-tissue compression at multiple catheter angles. Lesions were created with 31 and 50 W for 5 to 45 seconds (n=90). During in vivo evaluation of LI, measurements of myocardium (n=90) and blood pool (n=30) were guided by intracardiac ultrasound while operators were blinded to LI data. Lesions were created with 31 and 50 W for 45 seconds in the ventricles (n=72). LI of myocardium (119.7 ) was significantly greater than that of blood pool (67.6 ; P<0.01). Models that incorporate LI drop (ΔLI) to predict lesion size had better performance than models that incorporate force-time integral (R2=0.75 versus R2=0.54) and generator impedance drop (R2=0.82 versus R2=0.58). Steam pops displayed a significantly higher starting LI and larger ΔLI compared with successful radiofrequency applications (P<0.01). Conclusions: LI recorded from miniature electrodes provides a valuable measure of catheter-tissue coupling, and ΔLI is predictive of lesion formation during radiofrequency ablation.
- cardiac arrhythmias
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)