Novel Anti-Alzheimer's Dimer Bis(7)-Cognitin: Cellular and Molecular Mechanisms of Neuroprotection Through Multiple Targets

Wenming Li, Marvin Mak, Hualiang Jiang, Qinwen Wang, Yuanping Pang, Kaixian Chen, Yifan Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

63 Scopus citations

Abstract

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive and degenerative brain disorder that has emerged as one of the major public health problems in adults. Unfortunately, its molecular pathology and therapeutic strategies remain elusive. Because there are multiple factors closely indicated in the pathogenesis of AD, multiple drug therapy will be required to address the varied pathological aspects of this disease. Existing pharmacological approaches with one-molecule-one-target are limited in their ability to modify the pathology of AD. Novel therapeutics strategies comprise multifunctional compounds specifically designed to target concurrently on different sites at multifactorial etiopathogenesis of AD, thereby providing greater therapeutic efficacy. Over the past decade, our group has developed several series of dimeric acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors derived from tacrine and huperzine A, a unique anti-Alzheimer's drug originally discovered from a traditional Chinese medicinal plant. Bis(7)-Cognitin, one of our novel dimers, through inhibition of AChE, N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor, nitric oxide synthase, and amyloid precursor protein/β-amyloid cascade concurrently, possesses remarkable neuroprotective activities. More importantly, the synergism between these targets might serve as one of the most effective therapeutic strategies to arrest/modify pathological process of AD in addition to improving the cognitive functions for AD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)187-201
Number of pages15
JournalNeurotherapeutics
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009

Keywords

  • AChE
  • Bis(7)-Cognitin
  • NMDA receptor
  • multiple targets
  • neuroprotection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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