Not the Usual Viral Suspects: Parvovirus B19, West Nile Virus, and Human T-Cell Lymphotrophic Virus Infections After Kidney Transplantation

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Kidney transplant recipients are at increased risk of developing clinical disease due to uncommon opportunistic viral pathogens. Refractory anemia is classically associated with parvovirus B19 infection. West Nile virus has the propensity to cause fever and neurologic symptoms, while spastic paresis and lymphoma can be triggered by human T cell lymphotrophic virus. In this review article, the epidemiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment of less common viruses are discussed in the setting of kidney transplantation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)428-434
Number of pages7
JournalSeminars in Nephrology
Volume36
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016

Fingerprint

West Nile virus
Parvovirus
Virus Diseases
Kidney Transplantation
Refractory Anemia
Viruses
Parvoviridae Infections
T-Lymphocytes
Muscle Spasticity
Paresis
Neurologic Manifestations
Lymphoma
Epidemiology
Fever
Kidney
Therapeutics
Transplant Recipients

Keywords

  • anemia
  • encephalitis
  • erythrovirus
  • Flavivirus
  • opportunistic infection
  • retrovirus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

Cite this

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title = "Not the Usual Viral Suspects: Parvovirus B19, West Nile Virus, and Human T-Cell Lymphotrophic Virus Infections After Kidney Transplantation",
abstract = "Kidney transplant recipients are at increased risk of developing clinical disease due to uncommon opportunistic viral pathogens. Refractory anemia is classically associated with parvovirus B19 infection. West Nile virus has the propensity to cause fever and neurologic symptoms, while spastic paresis and lymphoma can be triggered by human T cell lymphotrophic virus. In this review article, the epidemiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment of less common viruses are discussed in the setting of kidney transplantation.",
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N2 - Kidney transplant recipients are at increased risk of developing clinical disease due to uncommon opportunistic viral pathogens. Refractory anemia is classically associated with parvovirus B19 infection. West Nile virus has the propensity to cause fever and neurologic symptoms, while spastic paresis and lymphoma can be triggered by human T cell lymphotrophic virus. In this review article, the epidemiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment of less common viruses are discussed in the setting of kidney transplantation.

AB - Kidney transplant recipients are at increased risk of developing clinical disease due to uncommon opportunistic viral pathogens. Refractory anemia is classically associated with parvovirus B19 infection. West Nile virus has the propensity to cause fever and neurologic symptoms, while spastic paresis and lymphoma can be triggered by human T cell lymphotrophic virus. In this review article, the epidemiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment of less common viruses are discussed in the setting of kidney transplantation.

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KW - retrovirus

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