Kidney transplant recipients are at increased risk of developing clinical disease due to uncommon opportunistic viral pathogens. Refractory anemia is classically associated with parvovirus B19 infection. West Nile virus has the propensity to cause fever and neurologic symptoms, while spastic paresis and lymphoma can be triggered by human T cell lymphotrophic virus. In this review article, the epidemiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment of less common viruses are discussed in the setting of kidney transplantation.
- opportunistic infection
ASJC Scopus subject areas