North Central Cancer Treatment Group N0543 (Alliance): A phase 2 trial of pharmacogenetic-based dosing of irinotecan, oxaliplatin, and capecitabine as first-line therapy for patients with advanced small bowel adenocarcinoma

Robert R Mc Williams, Nathan R. Foster, Michelle R. Mahoney, Thomas Christopher Smyrk, Joseph A Murray, Matthew M. Ames, L. Elise Horvath, Daniel J. Schneider, Timothy James Hobday, Aminah Jatoi, Jeffrey P. Meyers, Matthew Philip Goetz

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Oxaliplatin in combination with either 5-fluorouracil or capecitabine is commonly used as first-line therapy for patients with small bowel adenocarcinoma. The addition of irinotecan improves survival in other gastrointestinal tumors but at the cost of hematologic toxicity. The authors performed a phase 2 cooperative group study (North Central Cancer Treatment Group N0543, Alliance) using genotype-dosed capecitabine, irinotecan, and oxaliplatin (gCAPIRINOX), with dosing assigned based on UDP glucuronosyltransferase family 1 member A1 (UGT1A1) genotype to test: 1) whether the addition of irinotecan would improve outcomes; and 2) whether UGT1A1 genotype-based dosing could optimize tolerability. METHODS: Previously untreated patients with advanced small bowel adenocarcinoma received irinotecan (day 1), oxaliplatin (day 1), and capecitabine (days 2-15) in a 21-day cycle and were dosed with gCAPIRINOX according to UGT1A1*28 genotypes (6/6, 6/7, and 7/7). RESULTS: A total of 33 patients (17 with the 6/6 genotype, 10 with the 6/7 genotype, and 6 with the 7/7 genotype) were enrolled from October 2007 to November 2013; 73% were male, with a mean age of 64 years (range, 41-77 years). Location of the primary tumor included the duodenum (58%), jejunum (30%), and ileum (9%). The regimen yielded a confirmed response rate of 37.5% (95% confidence interval, 21%-56%), with a median progression-free survival of 8.9 months and a median overall survival of 13.4 months. Neither hematologic toxicity (grade ≥3 in 52.9%, 30.0%, and 33.3%, respectively, of the 6/6, 6/7, and 7/7 genotype groups) nor tumor response rate (41.2%, 33%, and 33%, respectively) were found to differ significantly by UGT1A1 genotype. CONCLUSIONS: UGT1A1 genotype-directed dosing (gCAPIRINOX) appears to be feasible with favorable rates of hematologic toxicity compared with prior 3-drug studies in unselected patients. Larger studies would be needed to determine the regimen's comparability to oxaliplatin and capecitabine (CapeOx) alone or if response/toxicity differs among patients with different UGT1A1 genotypes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalCancer
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2017

Fingerprint

irinotecan
oxaliplatin
Pharmacogenetics
Adenocarcinoma
Genotype
Glucuronosyltransferase
Neoplasms
Therapeutics
Capecitabine

Keywords

  • Duodenal
  • Ileal
  • Jejunal
  • Small bowel adenocarcinoma
  • UDP glucuronosyltransferase family 1 member A1 (UGT1A1)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

@article{a2dc0f6421b44aecab48e10392e7461d,
title = "North Central Cancer Treatment Group N0543 (Alliance): A phase 2 trial of pharmacogenetic-based dosing of irinotecan, oxaliplatin, and capecitabine as first-line therapy for patients with advanced small bowel adenocarcinoma",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Oxaliplatin in combination with either 5-fluorouracil or capecitabine is commonly used as first-line therapy for patients with small bowel adenocarcinoma. The addition of irinotecan improves survival in other gastrointestinal tumors but at the cost of hematologic toxicity. The authors performed a phase 2 cooperative group study (North Central Cancer Treatment Group N0543, Alliance) using genotype-dosed capecitabine, irinotecan, and oxaliplatin (gCAPIRINOX), with dosing assigned based on UDP glucuronosyltransferase family 1 member A1 (UGT1A1) genotype to test: 1) whether the addition of irinotecan would improve outcomes; and 2) whether UGT1A1 genotype-based dosing could optimize tolerability. METHODS: Previously untreated patients with advanced small bowel adenocarcinoma received irinotecan (day 1), oxaliplatin (day 1), and capecitabine (days 2-15) in a 21-day cycle and were dosed with gCAPIRINOX according to UGT1A1*28 genotypes (6/6, 6/7, and 7/7). RESULTS: A total of 33 patients (17 with the 6/6 genotype, 10 with the 6/7 genotype, and 6 with the 7/7 genotype) were enrolled from October 2007 to November 2013; 73{\%} were male, with a mean age of 64 years (range, 41-77 years). Location of the primary tumor included the duodenum (58{\%}), jejunum (30{\%}), and ileum (9{\%}). The regimen yielded a confirmed response rate of 37.5{\%} (95{\%} confidence interval, 21{\%}-56{\%}), with a median progression-free survival of 8.9 months and a median overall survival of 13.4 months. Neither hematologic toxicity (grade ≥3 in 52.9{\%}, 30.0{\%}, and 33.3{\%}, respectively, of the 6/6, 6/7, and 7/7 genotype groups) nor tumor response rate (41.2{\%}, 33{\%}, and 33{\%}, respectively) were found to differ significantly by UGT1A1 genotype. CONCLUSIONS: UGT1A1 genotype-directed dosing (gCAPIRINOX) appears to be feasible with favorable rates of hematologic toxicity compared with prior 3-drug studies in unselected patients. Larger studies would be needed to determine the regimen's comparability to oxaliplatin and capecitabine (CapeOx) alone or if response/toxicity differs among patients with different UGT1A1 genotypes.",
keywords = "Duodenal, Ileal, Jejunal, Small bowel adenocarcinoma, UDP glucuronosyltransferase family 1 member A1 (UGT1A1)",
author = "{Mc Williams}, {Robert R} and Foster, {Nathan R.} and Mahoney, {Michelle R.} and Smyrk, {Thomas Christopher} and Murray, {Joseph A} and Ames, {Matthew M.} and Horvath, {L. Elise} and Schneider, {Daniel J.} and Hobday, {Timothy James} and Aminah Jatoi and Meyers, {Jeffrey P.} and Goetz, {Matthew Philip}",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1002/cncr.30766",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Cancer",
issn = "0008-543X",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - North Central Cancer Treatment Group N0543 (Alliance)

T2 - A phase 2 trial of pharmacogenetic-based dosing of irinotecan, oxaliplatin, and capecitabine as first-line therapy for patients with advanced small bowel adenocarcinoma

AU - Mc Williams, Robert R

AU - Foster, Nathan R.

AU - Mahoney, Michelle R.

AU - Smyrk, Thomas Christopher

AU - Murray, Joseph A

AU - Ames, Matthew M.

AU - Horvath, L. Elise

AU - Schneider, Daniel J.

AU - Hobday, Timothy James

AU - Jatoi, Aminah

AU - Meyers, Jeffrey P.

AU - Goetz, Matthew Philip

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - BACKGROUND: Oxaliplatin in combination with either 5-fluorouracil or capecitabine is commonly used as first-line therapy for patients with small bowel adenocarcinoma. The addition of irinotecan improves survival in other gastrointestinal tumors but at the cost of hematologic toxicity. The authors performed a phase 2 cooperative group study (North Central Cancer Treatment Group N0543, Alliance) using genotype-dosed capecitabine, irinotecan, and oxaliplatin (gCAPIRINOX), with dosing assigned based on UDP glucuronosyltransferase family 1 member A1 (UGT1A1) genotype to test: 1) whether the addition of irinotecan would improve outcomes; and 2) whether UGT1A1 genotype-based dosing could optimize tolerability. METHODS: Previously untreated patients with advanced small bowel adenocarcinoma received irinotecan (day 1), oxaliplatin (day 1), and capecitabine (days 2-15) in a 21-day cycle and were dosed with gCAPIRINOX according to UGT1A1*28 genotypes (6/6, 6/7, and 7/7). RESULTS: A total of 33 patients (17 with the 6/6 genotype, 10 with the 6/7 genotype, and 6 with the 7/7 genotype) were enrolled from October 2007 to November 2013; 73% were male, with a mean age of 64 years (range, 41-77 years). Location of the primary tumor included the duodenum (58%), jejunum (30%), and ileum (9%). The regimen yielded a confirmed response rate of 37.5% (95% confidence interval, 21%-56%), with a median progression-free survival of 8.9 months and a median overall survival of 13.4 months. Neither hematologic toxicity (grade ≥3 in 52.9%, 30.0%, and 33.3%, respectively, of the 6/6, 6/7, and 7/7 genotype groups) nor tumor response rate (41.2%, 33%, and 33%, respectively) were found to differ significantly by UGT1A1 genotype. CONCLUSIONS: UGT1A1 genotype-directed dosing (gCAPIRINOX) appears to be feasible with favorable rates of hematologic toxicity compared with prior 3-drug studies in unselected patients. Larger studies would be needed to determine the regimen's comparability to oxaliplatin and capecitabine (CapeOx) alone or if response/toxicity differs among patients with different UGT1A1 genotypes.

AB - BACKGROUND: Oxaliplatin in combination with either 5-fluorouracil or capecitabine is commonly used as first-line therapy for patients with small bowel adenocarcinoma. The addition of irinotecan improves survival in other gastrointestinal tumors but at the cost of hematologic toxicity. The authors performed a phase 2 cooperative group study (North Central Cancer Treatment Group N0543, Alliance) using genotype-dosed capecitabine, irinotecan, and oxaliplatin (gCAPIRINOX), with dosing assigned based on UDP glucuronosyltransferase family 1 member A1 (UGT1A1) genotype to test: 1) whether the addition of irinotecan would improve outcomes; and 2) whether UGT1A1 genotype-based dosing could optimize tolerability. METHODS: Previously untreated patients with advanced small bowel adenocarcinoma received irinotecan (day 1), oxaliplatin (day 1), and capecitabine (days 2-15) in a 21-day cycle and were dosed with gCAPIRINOX according to UGT1A1*28 genotypes (6/6, 6/7, and 7/7). RESULTS: A total of 33 patients (17 with the 6/6 genotype, 10 with the 6/7 genotype, and 6 with the 7/7 genotype) were enrolled from October 2007 to November 2013; 73% were male, with a mean age of 64 years (range, 41-77 years). Location of the primary tumor included the duodenum (58%), jejunum (30%), and ileum (9%). The regimen yielded a confirmed response rate of 37.5% (95% confidence interval, 21%-56%), with a median progression-free survival of 8.9 months and a median overall survival of 13.4 months. Neither hematologic toxicity (grade ≥3 in 52.9%, 30.0%, and 33.3%, respectively, of the 6/6, 6/7, and 7/7 genotype groups) nor tumor response rate (41.2%, 33%, and 33%, respectively) were found to differ significantly by UGT1A1 genotype. CONCLUSIONS: UGT1A1 genotype-directed dosing (gCAPIRINOX) appears to be feasible with favorable rates of hematologic toxicity compared with prior 3-drug studies in unselected patients. Larger studies would be needed to determine the regimen's comparability to oxaliplatin and capecitabine (CapeOx) alone or if response/toxicity differs among patients with different UGT1A1 genotypes.

KW - Duodenal

KW - Ileal

KW - Jejunal

KW - Small bowel adenocarcinoma

KW - UDP glucuronosyltransferase family 1 member A1 (UGT1A1)

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85019115968&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85019115968&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/cncr.30766

DO - 10.1002/cncr.30766

M3 - Article

C2 - 28493308

AN - SCOPUS:85019115968

JO - Cancer

JF - Cancer

SN - 0008-543X

ER -