Normative spatiotemporal gait parameters in older adults

John H. Hollman, Eric M. McDade, Ronald Carl Petersen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

238 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

While factor analyses have characterized pace, rhythm and variability as factors that explain variance in gait performance in older adults, comprehensive analyses incorporating many gait parameters have not been undertaken and normative data for many of those parameters are lacking. The purposes of this study were to conduct a factor analysis on nearly two dozen spatiotemporal gait parameters and to contribute to the normative database of gait parameters from healthy, able-bodied men and women over the age of 70. Data were extracted from 294 participants enrolled in the Mayo Clinic Study of Aging. Spatiotemporal gait data were obtained as participants completed two walks across a 5.6-m electronic walkway (GAITRite®). Five primary domains of spatiotemporal gait performance were identified: a " rhythm" domain was characterized by cadence and temporal parameters such as stride time; a " phase" domain was characterized by temporophasic parameters that constitute distinct divisions of the gait cycle; a " variability" domain encompassed gait cycle and step variability parameters; a " pace" domain was characterized by parameters that included gait speed, step length and stride length; and a " base of support" domain was characterized by step width and step width variability. Several domains differed between men and women and differed across age groups. Reference values of 23 gait parameters are presented which researchers or clinicians can use for assessing and interpreting gait dysfunction in aging persons.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)111-118
Number of pages8
JournalGait and Posture
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2011

Fingerprint

Gait
Statistical Factor Analysis
Reference Values
Age Groups
Research Personnel
Databases

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Gait
  • Reference values
  • Sex characteristics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Rehabilitation
  • Biophysics

Cite this

Normative spatiotemporal gait parameters in older adults. / Hollman, John H.; McDade, Eric M.; Petersen, Ronald Carl.

In: Gait and Posture, Vol. 34, No. 1, 05.2011, p. 111-118.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hollman, John H. ; McDade, Eric M. ; Petersen, Ronald Carl. / Normative spatiotemporal gait parameters in older adults. In: Gait and Posture. 2011 ; Vol. 34, No. 1. pp. 111-118.
@article{b81d86f5d7b64745afcffdaabd197904,
title = "Normative spatiotemporal gait parameters in older adults",
abstract = "While factor analyses have characterized pace, rhythm and variability as factors that explain variance in gait performance in older adults, comprehensive analyses incorporating many gait parameters have not been undertaken and normative data for many of those parameters are lacking. The purposes of this study were to conduct a factor analysis on nearly two dozen spatiotemporal gait parameters and to contribute to the normative database of gait parameters from healthy, able-bodied men and women over the age of 70. Data were extracted from 294 participants enrolled in the Mayo Clinic Study of Aging. Spatiotemporal gait data were obtained as participants completed two walks across a 5.6-m electronic walkway (GAITRite{\circledR}). Five primary domains of spatiotemporal gait performance were identified: a {"} rhythm{"} domain was characterized by cadence and temporal parameters such as stride time; a {"} phase{"} domain was characterized by temporophasic parameters that constitute distinct divisions of the gait cycle; a {"} variability{"} domain encompassed gait cycle and step variability parameters; a {"} pace{"} domain was characterized by parameters that included gait speed, step length and stride length; and a {"} base of support{"} domain was characterized by step width and step width variability. Several domains differed between men and women and differed across age groups. Reference values of 23 gait parameters are presented which researchers or clinicians can use for assessing and interpreting gait dysfunction in aging persons.",
keywords = "Aging, Gait, Reference values, Sex characteristics",
author = "Hollman, {John H.} and McDade, {Eric M.} and Petersen, {Ronald Carl}",
year = "2011",
month = "5",
doi = "10.1016/j.gaitpost.2011.03.024",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "34",
pages = "111--118",
journal = "Gait and Posture",
issn = "0966-6362",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Normative spatiotemporal gait parameters in older adults

AU - Hollman, John H.

AU - McDade, Eric M.

AU - Petersen, Ronald Carl

PY - 2011/5

Y1 - 2011/5

N2 - While factor analyses have characterized pace, rhythm and variability as factors that explain variance in gait performance in older adults, comprehensive analyses incorporating many gait parameters have not been undertaken and normative data for many of those parameters are lacking. The purposes of this study were to conduct a factor analysis on nearly two dozen spatiotemporal gait parameters and to contribute to the normative database of gait parameters from healthy, able-bodied men and women over the age of 70. Data were extracted from 294 participants enrolled in the Mayo Clinic Study of Aging. Spatiotemporal gait data were obtained as participants completed two walks across a 5.6-m electronic walkway (GAITRite®). Five primary domains of spatiotemporal gait performance were identified: a " rhythm" domain was characterized by cadence and temporal parameters such as stride time; a " phase" domain was characterized by temporophasic parameters that constitute distinct divisions of the gait cycle; a " variability" domain encompassed gait cycle and step variability parameters; a " pace" domain was characterized by parameters that included gait speed, step length and stride length; and a " base of support" domain was characterized by step width and step width variability. Several domains differed between men and women and differed across age groups. Reference values of 23 gait parameters are presented which researchers or clinicians can use for assessing and interpreting gait dysfunction in aging persons.

AB - While factor analyses have characterized pace, rhythm and variability as factors that explain variance in gait performance in older adults, comprehensive analyses incorporating many gait parameters have not been undertaken and normative data for many of those parameters are lacking. The purposes of this study were to conduct a factor analysis on nearly two dozen spatiotemporal gait parameters and to contribute to the normative database of gait parameters from healthy, able-bodied men and women over the age of 70. Data were extracted from 294 participants enrolled in the Mayo Clinic Study of Aging. Spatiotemporal gait data were obtained as participants completed two walks across a 5.6-m electronic walkway (GAITRite®). Five primary domains of spatiotemporal gait performance were identified: a " rhythm" domain was characterized by cadence and temporal parameters such as stride time; a " phase" domain was characterized by temporophasic parameters that constitute distinct divisions of the gait cycle; a " variability" domain encompassed gait cycle and step variability parameters; a " pace" domain was characterized by parameters that included gait speed, step length and stride length; and a " base of support" domain was characterized by step width and step width variability. Several domains differed between men and women and differed across age groups. Reference values of 23 gait parameters are presented which researchers or clinicians can use for assessing and interpreting gait dysfunction in aging persons.

KW - Aging

KW - Gait

KW - Reference values

KW - Sex characteristics

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79957527949&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79957527949&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2011.03.024

DO - 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2011.03.024

M3 - Article

C2 - 21531139

AN - SCOPUS:79957527949

VL - 34

SP - 111

EP - 118

JO - Gait and Posture

JF - Gait and Posture

SN - 0966-6362

IS - 1

ER -