Purpose of reviewNoninvasive ventilation (NIV) is an established treatment for chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure (CRF). Volume-assured pressure support (VAPS) is a mode of NIV that automatically adjusts inspiratory pressure in order to maintain a constant respiratory volume. We aim to discuss the role and application of VAPS in CRF.Recent findingsRecently published meta-analyses and reviews fail to demonstrate a significant difference in gas exchange, sleep, or quality-of-life improvement between VAPS and bilevel positive airway pressure (BPAP) in patients with CRF. A recent manuscript suggests that VAPS therapy in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients may reduce the number of exacerbations. It has been shown that with a protocol-driven approach BPAP and VAPS can both be successfully titrated during a single split-night polysomnography.SummaryVAPS is as effective as other modes of NIV at improving ventilation and sleep in CRF. The potential advantage is a more consistent ventilatory support through daytime-nighttime variations and progression of disease over time. However, the impact on long-term outcomes, such as survival, has not been studied.
- chronic respiratory failure
- noninvasive ventilation
- volume-assured pressure support
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine