Background: In a previous study from a single center, radionuclide measures of collateral flow with technetium 99m sestamibi have been shown to be significantly associated with angiographic residual (antegrade and collateral) flow and independent predictors of final infarct size in acute myocardial infarction. This study examined whether the previously described radionuclide measures of blood flow to the infarct zone were reproducible with different laboratories and imaging systems. Methods and Results: Residual flow to the infarct zone was assessed by both invasive and noninvasive methods in 77 patients with first-time myocardial infarction (32 anterior, 45 nonanterior). All patients underwent acute coronary angiography before any intervention within 8 hours of the onset of chest pain (4.0 ±1.5 hours; range 1.2 to 7.9 hours).(99m)Tc sestamibi was injected intravenously before reperfusion therapy, and tomographic imaging was performed 1 to 6 hours after injection. A central core laboratory processed the acquired images from three centers, each with a unique camera and computer system. Three previously published methods based on the severity of the acute perfusion defect were used to measure residual flow to the infarct zone (nadir, severity index, area). Antegrade (Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction flow) and collateral flow before direct angioplasty were blindly graded on a four-point scale (0 to 3) from the acute angiogram. The simple sum of the two grades was defined as the angiographic flow index, representing residual flow to the jeopardized zone. All three noninvasive measures of residual flow were highly associated with the angiographic flow index in a linear fashion: severity index (p = 0.0006), area (p = 0.003), and nadir (minimum/maximum counts; p = 0.004). This association was independent of the laboratory where the data were acquired. Conclusions: Despite different laboratories and camera systems, radionuclide measures of residual flow were highly associated with the angiographic flow index before reperfusion therapy. These results suggest that these measures are applicable on a broader scale for the noninvasive determination of collateral and antegrade flow in acute myocardial infarction.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine