Noninvasive measurement of wave speed of porcine cornea in ex vivo porcine eyes for various intraocular pressures

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

The objective of this study was to extend an ultrasound surface wave elastography (USWE) technique for noninvasive measurement of ocular tissue elastic properties. In particular, we aim to establish the relationship between the wave speed of cornea and the intraocular pressure (IOP). Normal ranges of IOP are between 12 and 22 mmHg. Ex vivo porcine eye balls were used in this research. The porcine eye ball was supported by the gelatin phantom in a testing container. Some water was pour into the container for the ultrasound measurement. A local harmonic vibration was generated on the side of the eye ball. An ultrasound probe was used to measure the wave propagation in the cornea noninvasively. A 25 gauge butterfly needle was inserted into the vitreous humor of the eye ball under the ultrasound imaging guidance. The needle was connected to a syringe. The IOP was obtained by the water height difference between the water level in the syringe and the water level in the testing container. The IOP was adjusted between 5 mmHg and 30 mmHg with a 5 mmHg interval. The wave speed was measured at each IOP for three frequencies of 100, 150 and 200 Hz. Finite element method (FEM) was used to simulate the wave propagation in the corneal according to our experimental setup. A linear viscoelastic FEM model was used to compare the experimental data. Both the experiments and the FEM analyses showed that the wave speed of cornea increased with IOP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)86-92
Number of pages7
JournalUltrasonics
Volume81
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2017

Keywords

  • Cornea
  • Intraocular pressure
  • Surface wave elastography
  • Ultrasound
  • Wave speed

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

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