Background--Chronic kidney disease (CKD) remains an independent predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. CKD complicates referral for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in non-ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) patients because of the risk for acute kidney injury and the need for dialysis, with American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines underscoring the limited data on these patients. Methods and Results--Using the National Inpatient Sample to analyze hospitalizations in the United States from 2004 to 2014, we sought to assess PCI utilization and in-hospital outcomes in NSTEMI admissions with CKD. NSTEMI admissions were identified by International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Edition, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) code 410.7. CKD admissions were identified by ICD-9-CM code 585. Propensity score-matched cohorts of patients with NSTEMI were matched for age, sex, comorbidities, race, median household income, primary payer status, and hospital characteristics. Of 4 488 795 hospitalizations for NSTEMI, 31% underwent PCI. Overall, 89% of admissions had no CKD. In addition, 32% of NSTEMI admissions with no CKD and 23%, 14%, and 22% with CKD stages 3, 4, and 5 underwent PCI, respectively. Hospitalized NSTEMI patients with CKD stages 4 and 5 had 41% and 20% less likelihood, respectively, of undergoing PCI compared with those with no CKD. Among hospitalized NSTEMI patients with no CKD or CKD stage 3, 4, or 5, PCI-treated groups had 63%, 57%, 39%, and 59% lower likelihood, respectively, of allcause, in-hospital mortality compared with propensity score-matched medically managed groups. Conclusions--PCI use decreased among hospitalized NSTEMI patients as CKD severity increased, and all-cause, in-hospital mortality was greater for NSTEMI patients admitted with more severe CKD regardless of treatment strategy.
- Acute coronary syndrome
- Chronic kidney disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine