Non-invasive screening method for simultaneous evaluation of in vivo growth factor release profiles from multiple ectopic bone tissue engineering implants

Diederik H.R. Kempen, Lichun Lu, Kelly L. Classic, Theresa E. Hefferan, Laura B. Creemers, Avudaiappan Maran, Wouter J.A. Dhert, Michael J. Yaszemski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a screening method based on scintillation probes for the simultaneous evaluation of in vivo growth factor release profiles of multiple implants in the same animal. First, we characterized the scintillation probes in a series of in vitro experiments to optimize the accuracy of the measurement setup. The scintillation probes were found to have a strong geometric dependence and experience saturation effects at high activities. In vitro simulation of 4 subcutaneous limb implants in a rat showed minimal interference of surrounding implants on local measurements at close to parallel positioning of the probes. These characteristics were taken into consideration for the design of the probe setup and in vivo experiment. The measurement setup was then validated in a rat subcutaneous implantation model using 4 different sustained release carriers loaded with 125I-BMP-2 per animal. The implants were removed after 42 or 84 days of implantation, for comparison of the non-invasive method to ex vivo radioisotope counting. The non-invasive method demonstrated a good correlation with the ex vivo counting method at both time-points of all 4 carriers. Overall, this study showed that scintillation probes could be successfully used for paired measurement of 4 release profiles with minimal interference of the surrounding implants, and may find use as non-invasive screening tools for various drug delivery applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15-21
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Controlled Release
Volume130
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 25 2008

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Keywords

  • Controlled drug delivery
  • Method validation
  • Non-invasive screening
  • Radiolabelled growth factor
  • Scintillation detector

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science

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