Non-β-oxidizable ω-[18F]fluoro long chain fatty acid analogs show cytochrome P-450-mediated defluorination: Implications for the design of PET tracers of myocardial fatty acid utilization

Timothy R. Degrado, Detlef C. Moka

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The nature of the in vivo defluorination of non-β-oxidizable no-carrier-added ω-[18F]fluoro long chain fatty acid (LCFA) analogs was studied with the aim of developing PET tracers of LCFA utilization. Extensive defluorination of 15-[18F]fluoro-3-thia-pentadecanoic acid (FTPA) in mouse was evidenced by radioactivity uptake by bone. [18F]Fluoride in the blood was verified analytically. Incubations of FTPA in rat-liver homogenates and subcellular fractions thereof showed a strong defluorination process in microsomes which was O2- and NADPH-dependent. In contrast, defluorination of FTPA was relatively slow in Langendorff perfused rat heart. High bone uptake in mouse was also observed with 14-[18F]fluoro-13, 13-dimethyl-3-thia-tetradecanoic acid, where gem-dimethyl substitution precludes direct elimination of H18F. These data indicate that the defluorination of non-β-oxidizable ω-[18F]fluoro LCFA analogs is primarily governed by cytochrome P-450-mediated ω-oxidation. Therefore, labeling at the (ω-3) carbon was proposed to provide a more stabile 18F-label. Defluorination of the (ω-3)-labeled 13 (R,S)-[18F]fluoro-3-thia-hexadecanoic acid was lower than that of FTPA in mouse and was independent of O2 and NADPH in vitro. Thus, (ω-3) labeling with 18F is preferable to ω labeling of non-β-oxidizable LCFA analogs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)389-397
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Applications and Instrumentation.
Issue number3
StatePublished - Apr 1992


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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