No association between pharmacogenomics variants and hospital and emergency department utilization: A mayo clinic biobank retrospective study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The use of pharmacogenomics data is increasing in clinical practice. However, it is unknown if pharmacogenomics data can be used more broadly to predict outcomes like hospitalization or emergency department (ED) visit. We aim to determine the association between selected pharmacogenomics phenotypes and hospital utilization outcomes (hospitalization and ED visits). Methods: This cohort study utilized 10,078 patients from the Mayo Clinic Biobank in the RIGHT protocol with sequence and interpreted phenotypes for 10 selected pharmacogenes including CYP2D6, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP3A5, HLA B 5701, HLA B 5702, HLA B 5801, TPMT, SLCO1B1, and DPYD. The primary outcome was hospitalization with ED visits as a secondary outcome. We used Cox proportional hazards model to test the association between each pharmacogenomics phenotype and the risk of the outcomes. Results: During the follow-up period (median [in years] = 7.3), 13% (n=1354) and 8% (n=813) of the subjects experienced hospitalization and ED visits, respectively. Compared to subjects who did not experience hospitalization, hospitalized patients were older (median age [in years]: 67 vs 65), poorer self-rated health (15% vs 4.7% for fair/poor), and higher disease burden (median number of chronic conditions: 7 vs 4) at baseline. There was no association of hospitalization with any of the pharmacogenomics phenotypes. The pharmacogenomics phenotypes were not associated with disease burden, a well-established risk factor for hospital utilization outcomes. Similar findings were observed for patients with ED visits during the follow-up period. Conclusion: We found no association of 10 well-established pharmacogenomics phenotypes with either hospitalization or ED visits in this relatively large biobank population and outside the context of specific drug use related to these genes. Traditional risk factors for hospitalization like age and self-rated health were much more likely to predict hospitalization and/or ED visits than this pharmacogenomics information.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)229-237
Number of pages9
JournalPharmacogenomics and Personalized Medicine
Volume14
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Emergency department
  • Hospitalization
  • Pharmacogenomics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'No association between pharmacogenomics variants and hospital and emergency department utilization: A mayo clinic biobank retrospective study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this