Nitric Oxide in Vascular Damage and Regeneration

Claudio Napoli, Lilach O. Lerman, Maria Luisa Balestrieri, Louis J. Ignarro

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

This chapter discusses the molecular mechanisms of nitric oxide (NO) signaling in vascular damage. It emphasizes the promising findings in the field of NO and vascular regeneration. NO controls vasorelaxation, endothelial regeneration, inhibition of platelet adhesion, and leukocyte chemotaxis. NO regulates not only vascular function but also many levels of parenchymal function in organs like the kidney, liver, brain, and lung. The modulation of NO availability by increased release or decreased degradation should be done in a spatially specific manner that would correspond to areas in which a specific isoform plays a regulatory role. Its central position in the regulation of organ physiology and molecular signaling generates the impetus to augment its levels in an attempt to interfere with the pathophysiological cascade that leads to tissue dysfunction and destruction. NO deficiency, critical in the development of atherosclerosis and renovascular diseases, occurs through reduced expression and activity of NO synthase, decreased levels or impaired utilization of L-arginine, and enhanced degradation of NO by oxidation-sensitive mechanisms. Genetic manipulation of NO synthase provides important insights into the pathogenic pathway of vascular diseases. Results from pre-clinical and clinical studies suggest that modulation of oxidation-sensitive mechanisms and augmentation of NO production through the administration of L-arginine and antioxidants improve the neovascularization following bone marrow cell therapy or gene therapy. Moreover, nitrite infusion represents a promising NO-generating approach that offers the potential to modulate vascular function during ischemia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationNitric Oxide
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages629-672
Number of pages44
ISBN (Print)9780123738660
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Nitric Oxide in Vascular Damage and Regeneration'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Napoli, C., Lerman, L. O., Balestrieri, M. L., & Ignarro, L. J. (2010). Nitric Oxide in Vascular Damage and Regeneration. In Nitric Oxide (pp. 629-672). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-373866-0.00020-4