Purpose: The Pharmacogenomics (PGx) Profile Service was a proof-of-concept project to implement PGx in patient care at Mayo Clinic. Methods: Eighty-two healthy individuals aged 18 and older underwent genotyping of CYP1A2, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, CYP3A4, CYP3A5, SLCO1B1, HLA-B*58:01, and VKORC1. A PGx pharmacist was involved in ordering, meeting with patients, interpreting, reviewing, and documenting results. Results: Ninety three percent were CYP1A2 rapid metabolizers, 92% CYP3A4 normal metabolizers, and 88% CYP3A5 poor metabolizers; phenotype frequencies for CYP2C19 and CYP2D6 varied. Seventy-three percent had normal functioning SLCO1B1 transporter, 4% carried the HLA-B*58:01 risk variant, and 35% carried VKORC1 and CYP2C9 variants that increased warfarin sensitivity. Conclusion: Pre-emptive PGx testing offered medication improvement opportunity in 56% of participants for commonly used medications. A collaborative approach involving a PGx pharmacist integrated within a clinical practice with regards to utility of PGx results allowed for implementation of the PGx Profile Service. Key points: The Mayo Clinic PGx (PGx) Profile Service was a proof-of-concept project to utilize PGx testing as another clinical tool to enhance medication selection and decrease serious adverse reactions or medication failures.Over one-half of participants in the pilot using the PGx Profile Service were predicted to benefit from pre-emptive PGx testing to guide pharmacotherapy.PGx pharmacists played a crucial role in the PGx Profile Service by educating participants, identifying medication-gene interactions, and providing evidence-based (CPIC and DPWG) PGx recommendations for past, current, and future medication us.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine