Nicotine dependence treatment during inpatient treatment for other addictions

A prospective intervention trial

R. D. Hurt, K. M. Eberman, Ivana T Croghan, K. P. Offord, L. J. Davis, R. M. Morse, M. A. Palmen, B. K. Bruce

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

181 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study assessed the effect of treating nicotine dependence in smokers undergoing inpatient treatment for other addictions. It was a prospective, nonrandomized, controlled trial with a 1-year outcome. The subjects were smoking patients (50 controls, 51 in intervention group) in an inpatient addictions treatment unit in a medical center. The enrollment of subjects was sequential: controls were enrolled first; after a 6-week washout period, intervention subjects were enrolled. Controls received usual care, and the intervention group received nicotine dependence treatment consisting of a consultation, 10 intervention sessions, and a structured relapse prevention program. Smoking cessation rate and abstinence from alcohol or other drug use were the main outcome measures. The confirmed smoking cessation rate at 1 year was 11.8% in the intervention group and 0.0% in the control group (p = 0.027). Nicotine dependence intervention did not seem to interfere with abstinence from alcohol or other drugs (1-year relapse rate was 31.4% in the intervention group and 34.0% in controls). In this study, nicotine dependence treatment provided as part of addictive disorders treatment enhanced smoking cessation and did not have a substantial adverse effect on abstinence from the nonnicotine drug of dependence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)867-872
Number of pages6
JournalAlcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1994

Fingerprint

Tobacco Use Disorder
Nicotine
Inpatients
Smoking Cessation
Alcohol Abstinence
Alcohols
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Therapeutics
Secondary Prevention
Substance-Related Disorders
Referral and Consultation
Smoking
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Recurrence
Control Groups

Keywords

  • Alcoholism
  • Nicotine Dependence
  • Smoking Cessation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Toxicology

Cite this

Nicotine dependence treatment during inpatient treatment for other addictions : A prospective intervention trial. / Hurt, R. D.; Eberman, K. M.; Croghan, Ivana T; Offord, K. P.; Davis, L. J.; Morse, R. M.; Palmen, M. A.; Bruce, B. K.

In: Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, Vol. 18, No. 4, 1994, p. 867-872.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hurt, R. D. ; Eberman, K. M. ; Croghan, Ivana T ; Offord, K. P. ; Davis, L. J. ; Morse, R. M. ; Palmen, M. A. ; Bruce, B. K. / Nicotine dependence treatment during inpatient treatment for other addictions : A prospective intervention trial. In: Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. 1994 ; Vol. 18, No. 4. pp. 867-872.
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