Nicotine Dependence Treatment During Inpatient Treatment for Other Addictions: A Prospective Intervention Trial

Richard D. Hurt, Kay M. Eberman, Ivana T. Croghan, Kenneth P. Offord, Leo J. Davis, Robert M. Morse, Michael A. Palmen, Barbara K. Bruce

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Abstract

This study assessed the effect of treating nicotine dependence in smokers undergoing inpatient treatment for other addictions. It was a prospective, nonrandomized, controlled trial with a 1‐year outcome. The subjects were smoking patients (50 controls, 51 in intervention group) in an inpatient addictions treatment unit in a medical center. The enrollment of subjects was sequential: controls were enrolled first, after a 6‐week washout period, intervention subjects were enrolled. Controls received usual care, and the intervention group received nicotine dependence treatment consisting of a consultation, 10 intervention sessions, and a structured relapse prevention program. Smoking cessation rate and abstinence from alcohol or other drug use were the main outcome measures. The confirmed smoking cessation rate at 1 year was 11.8% in the intervention group and 0.0% in the control group (p= 0.027). Nicotine dependence intervention did not seem to interfere with abstinence from alcohol or other drugs (1‐year relapse rate was 31.4% in the intervention group and 34.0% in controls). In this study, nicotine dependence treatment provided as part of addictive disorders treatment enhanced smoking cessation and did not have a substantial adverse effect on abstinence from the nonnicotine drug of dependence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)867-872
Number of pages6
JournalAlcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1994

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Keywords

  • Alcoholism
  • Nicotine Dependence
  • Smoking Cessation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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