Objectives: This study sought to compare conventional methodology (CM) with a newly described optical coherence tomography (OCT)-derived volumetric stent expansion analysis in terms of fractional flow reserve (FFR)-derived physiology and device-oriented composite endpoints (DoCE). Background: The analysis of coronary stent expansion with intracoronary imaging has used CM that relies on the analysis of selected single cross-sections for several decades. The introduction of OCT with its ability to perform semiautomated volumetric analysis opens opportunities to redefine optimal stent expansion. Methods: A total of 291 lesions treated with post-stent OCT and FFR were enrolled. The expansion index was calculated by using a novel volumetric algorithm and was defined as: ([actual lumen area / ideal lumen area] × 100) for each frame of the stented segment. The minimum expansion index (MEI) was defined as the minimum value of expansion index along the entire stented segment. MEI and conventional lumen expansion metrics were compared for the ability to predict post-stent low FFR (<0.90) and DoCE at 1 year. Results: There was a stronger correlation between MEI and final FFR, compared with CM and final FFR (r = 0.690; p < 0.001) versus (r = 0.165; p = 0.044). MEI was significantly lower in patients with DoCE than those without DoCE (72.18 ± 8.23% vs. 81.48 ± 11.03%; p < 0.001), although stent expansion by CM was similar between patients with and without DoCE (85.05 ± 22.19% and 83.73 ± 17.52%; p = 0.858), respectively. Conclusions: OCT analysis of stent expansion with a newly described volumetric method, but not with CM, yielded data that were predictive of both an acute improvement in FFR-derived physiology and DoCE.
- fractional flow reserve
- optical coherence tomography
- stent expansion
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine