New perspectives in gastric acid suppression: Genetic polymorphisms predict the efficacy of proton pump inhibitors

Laurence Egan, Joseph A Murray

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Proton pump inhibitors are highly effective in the management of acid-peptic diseases. These drugs potently inhibit acid secretion from gastric parietal cells by irreversibly inhibiting activity of the H+, K+ ATPase (proton pump). Early studies of the pharmacokinetics of proton pump inhibitors demonstrated considerable variation in drug clearance rates among patients and healthy volunteers. This variation was also reflected in a wide range of the efficacy of acid suppression by standard doses of proton pump inhibitors among study subjects; those with slower clearance and higher drug concentrations experienced superior acid suppression. Proton pump inhibitors are predominantly inactivated by the 2C19 isoform of the hepatic cytochrome P450 mixed function oxidase system. The cytochrome P450 2C19 gene is polymorphic, with three known inactivating mutations. Individuals with one or two mutant cytochrome P450 2C19 alleles metabolize proton pump inhibitors more slowly than those with two wild-type alleles and experience higher drug levels. An individual's cytochrome P450 2C19 genotype predicts the degree of acid suppression in response to a standard dose of a proton pump inhibitor. Emerging data suggests that the clinical effectiveness of proton pump inhibitors in the treatment of acid-peptic diseases may also be dependent on cytochrome P450 2C19 genotype. Copyright (C) 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)58-63
Number of pages6
JournalDigestive Diseases
Volume18
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2000

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Keywords

  • Cytochrome P450
  • Omeprazole
  • Pharmacogenetics
  • Polymorphism
  • Proton pump

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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