New index of combined systolic and diastolic myocardial performance: A simple and reproducible measure of cardiac function - A study in normals and dilated cardiomyopathy

C. Tei, L. H. Ling, D. O. Hodge, Kent R Bailey, Jae Kuen Oh, R. J. Rodeheffer, A. J. Tajik, J. B. Seward

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Abstract

Background: Because systolic and diastolic dysfunction frequently coexist, it is hypothesized that a combined measure of left ventricular chamber performance may be more reflective of overall cardiac dysfunction than systolic or diastolic measures alone. Methods: Study patients consisted of 170 subjects: 70 normals, 47 patients with severe dilated cardiomyopathy in NYHA class III-IV awaiting cardiac transplantation and 53 patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy of intermediate severity [NYHA class II, ejection fractions (EF) 30-50%], EF, stroke volume and cardiac indexes were measured using conventional echo-Doppler methods. Pre-ejection period/ejection time (PEP/ET), isovolumetric relaxation time (IRT), isovolumetric contraction time/ET (ICT/ET) were also measured. A new derived index of myocardial performance: (ICT + IRT)/ET, was obtained by subtracting ET from the interval between cessation and onset of the mitral inflow velocity to give the sum of ICT and IRT. Results: The index was easily measured, reproducible, and had a narrow range in normals. The mean value of the index was significantly different between normal, intermediate and pre- transplant subjects (0.39±0.05, 0.59±0.10 and 1.06±0.24, respectively, p<0.001 for all comparisons). The degree of inter-group overlap was smaller for the index compared to PEP/ET, ICT/ET and other parameters. Within functional groups, the value of the index did not appear to be related to heart rate, mean arterial pressure and the degree of mitral regurgitation. Conclusion: (ICT + IRT)/ET is a conceptually new, simple and reproducible Doppler index of combined systolic and diastolic myocardial performance in patients with primary myocardial systolic dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)357-366
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Cardiology
Volume26
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1995

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Keywords

  • cardiac function
  • Doppler echocardiography
  • Doppler time intervals
  • myocardial performance
  • systolic time intervals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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